Learn More
Saponins are a structurally diverse class of compounds occurring in many plant species, which are characterized by a skeleton derived of the 30-carbon precursor oxidosqualene to which glycosyl residues are attached. Traditionally, they are subdivided into triterpenoid and steroid glycosides, or into triterpenoid, spirostanol, and furostanol saponins. In(More)
Many (dietary) bitter compounds, e.g. flavonoids, activate bitter receptor hTAS2R39 in cell-based assays. Several flavonoids, amongst which some flavanones, are known not to activate this receptor. As certain flavanones are known to mask bitter taste sensorially, flavanones might act as bitter receptor antagonists. Fourteen flavanones were investigated for(More)
The non-covalent interactions between the monomeric phenolic compound chlorogenic acid (5-CQA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme, and alpha-lactalbumin were characterized, and their effect on protein properties was examined. 5-CQA had a low affinity for all three proteins, and these interactions seemed to show a negative cooperativity. 5-CQA-BSA(More)
Procyanidins (PCs) are highly abundant phenolic compounds in the human diet and might be responsible for the health effects of chocolate and wine. Due to low absorption of intact PCs, microbial metabolism might play an important role. So far, only a few studies, with crude extracts rich in PCs but also containing a multitude of other phenolic compounds,(More)
Alkali-extractable cereal arabinoxylan and oligosaccharides of known structure derived from it by enzymic hydrolysis were treated with endo-(1-->4)-beta-D-xylanases I and III from Aspergillus awamori CMI 142717 and the digests subjected to analysis by high performance anion-exchange chromatography. Clear differences in the mode of action of the two(More)
Extraction of high-value protein fractions for techno-functional applications in foods can considerably increase the commercial value of microalgae biomass. Proteins from Tetraselmis sp. were extracted and purified after cell disintegration by bead milling, centrifugation, ion exchange chromatography using the absorbent Streamline DEAE, and final(More)
Activated macrophages in adipose tissue play a major role in the chronic inflammatory process that has been linked to the complications of overweight and obesity. The hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.) has been described to possess both anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic effects. In the present study, the chemical composition of a hop crude extract (HCE) was(More)
The major cationic peroxidase in sorghum grain (SPC4) , which is ubiquitously present in all sorghum varieties was purified to apparent homogeneity, and found to be a highly basic protein (pI approximately 11). MS analysis showed that SPC4 consists of two glycoforms with molecular masses of 34,227 and 35,629 Da and it contains a type-b heme. Chemical(More)
Soybeans were germinated on a kilogram-scale, by the application of malting technology used in the brewing industry, and concomitantly challenged with Rhizopus microsporus var. oryzae. In a time-course experiment, samples were taken every 24 h for 10 days, and the isoflavonoid profile was analyzed by RP-UHPLC-MS. Upon induction with R. microsporus, the(More)
Arabinoxylan-derived oligosaccharides were treated with (1-->4)-beta-D-arabinoxylan arabinofuranohydrolase (AXH) and two types of alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase, A and B. Analysis of reaction products by high performance anion-exchange chromatography indicated the removal of arabinofuranosyl groups from singly substituted xylopyranosyl residues. In addition,(More)