Harry Gruppen

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Saponins are a structurally diverse class of compounds occurring in many plant species, which are characterized by a skeleton derived of the 30-carbon precursor oxidosqualene to which glycosyl residues are attached. Traditionally, they are subdivided into triterpenoid and steroid glycosides, or into triterpenoid, spirostanol, and furostanol saponins. In(More)
Procyanidins (PCs) are highly abundant phenolic compounds in the human diet and might be responsible for the health effects of chocolate and wine. Due to low absorption of intact PCs, microbial metabolism might play an important role. So far, only a few studies, with crude extracts rich in PCs but also containing a multitude of other phenolic compounds,(More)
Alkali-extractable cereal arabinoxylan and oligosaccharides of known structure derived from it by enzymic hydrolysis were treated with endo-(1-->4)-beta-D-xylanases I and III from Aspergillus awamori CMI 142717 and the digests subjected to analysis by high performance anion-exchange chromatography. Clear differences in the mode of action of the two(More)
Extraction of high-value protein fractions for techno-functional applications in foods can considerably increase the commercial value of microalgae biomass. Proteins from Tetraselmis sp. were extracted and purified after cell disintegration by bead milling, centrifugation, ion exchange chromatography using the absorbent Streamline DEAE, and final(More)
The non-covalent interactions between the monomeric phenolic compound chlorogenic acid (5-CQA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme, and alpha-lactalbumin were characterized, and their effect on protein properties was examined. 5-CQA had a low affinity for all three proteins, and these interactions seemed to show a negative cooperativity. 5-CQA-BSA(More)
Two novel acetyl xylan esterases, Axe2 and Axe3, from Chrysosporium lucknowense (C1), belonging to the carbohydrate esterase families 5 and 1, respectively, were purified and biochemically characterized. Axe2 and Axe3 are able to hydrolyze acetyl groups both from simple acetylated xylo-oligosaccharides and complex non-soluble acetylglucuronoxylan. Both(More)
Arabinoxylan-derived oligosaccharides were treated with (1-->4)-beta-D-arabinoxylan arabinofuranohydrolase (AXH) and two types of alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase, A and B. Analysis of reaction products by high performance anion-exchange chromatography indicated the removal of arabinofuranosyl groups from singly substituted xylopyranosyl residues. In addition,(More)
Intervention studies with procyanidin (PC)-rich extracts and products such as cocoa and wine suggest protective effects of PC against cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no consensus on the absorption and metabolism of PC dimers. Interestingly, nothing is known about the absorption of A-type PC. In this study, the absorption and metabolism of(More)
Patatin has, so far, been considered a homogeneous group of proteins. A comparison of the isoforms in terms of structural properties or stability has not been reported. A method to obtain various isoform fractions as well as a comparison of the physicochemical properties of these pools is presented. Patatin could be separated in four isoform pools, denoted(More)
Natural carotenoids such as astaxanthin, β,β-carotene and lutein are pigments with a high market value. We studied the effects of nitrogen depletion on the carotenoid metabolism of Chlorella zofingiensis (Chlorophyta) and the subsequent treatment with diphenylamine (DPA), an inhibitor of the biosynthesis of secondary ketocarotenoids. Pigments were(More)