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OBJECTIVES To determine the trend of hypospadias incidence in New York State (NYS) by retrospectively evaluating both the incidence and surgical repair rates of hypospadias. Epidemiologic studies in the United States and Europe have suggested an observable trend in the incidence of hypospadias during the past 30 years. A comparison of the results from these(More)
PURPOSE Hypospadias incidence rates have been widely reported to be increasing. During the last 20 years there has been a significant increase in the number of women who delay childbearing until their mid 30s. Therefore, it was of interest to determine if increasing maternal age is an independent risk factor for hypospadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data(More)
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital abnormalities occurring in males. In recent years, the prevalence of hypospadias and whether that prevalence is rising or stable has become part of a larger debate over the potential effects of so-called 'endocrine disruptors', such as phthalates and bisphenol-A, on male reproductive health. This commentary(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW We surveyed the growing literature on ejaculatory duct obstruction and provide suggestions regarding its diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS Ejaculatory duct obstruction is a rare cause of male infertility. With the advent of the high resolution transurethral ultrasound (TRUS) technology, there has been an increase in diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVES There has been an enormous amount of interest as to whether sperm counts are declining over time. We sought to compare a contemporary group of fertile men to those from the MacLeod study of 1951 to ascertain whether sperm counts in fertile men have changed over time. METHODS We obtained sperm count data from 374 fertile men who banked sperm in(More)
Abnormalities of the distal ejaculatory ducts related to infertility have been well-documented. Although there are no specific findings associated with ejaculatory duct obstruction, several clinical findings are highly suggestive. A diagnosis of ejaculatory duct obstruction is suggested in an infertile male with oligospermia or azoospermia with low(More)
Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is the most prevalent form of prostatitis. It is characterized by pelvic pain, voiding symptoms, and ejaculatory symptoms in the absence of bacterial infection. This can be a difficult condition to treat. Many etiologies for CPPS have been proposed including immunologic, neurologic, endocrine, and psychological factors.(More)
Clinically relevant varicoceles require surgical management through one of several techniques. We introduce an innovative technique for varicocelectomy via a subinguinal approach that allows identification and preservation of the arteries and lymphatics. This method allows the safe excision of the varicocele, while minimizing the risk of complications.