Harry F. Baker

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Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome is a rare familial neurodegenerative condition that is vertically transmitted, in an apparently autosomal dominant way. It can also be horizontally transmitted to non-human primates and rodents through intracerebral inoculation of brain homogenates from patients with the disease. The exact incidence of the syndrome is unknown(More)
Overexpression of human alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) using recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors provides a novel tool to study neurodegenerative processes seen in Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies. We used a pseudotyped rAAV2/5 vector to express human wild-type (wt) alpha-syn, A53T mutated alpha-syn, or the green fluorescent(More)
The therapeutic potential of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) for Parkinson's disease is likely to depend on sustained delivery of the appropriate amount to the target areas. Recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAVs) expressing GDNF may be a suitable delivery system for this purpose. The aim of this study was to define a sustained(More)
Common marmosets with bilateral ibotenic acid-induced destruction of the neurones of the vertical limb of the diagonal band of Broca, which provide the major cholinergic input to the hippocampal formation, were impaired on the acquisition but not on the retention of a repeated-trial visuospatial discrimination learning task. They were also impaired on(More)
Five marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were tested, using a Wisconsin General Test Apparatus, on a series of junk object visual discrimination tasks, including new learning, 24-hr reversal and 24-hr retention. The effects of administering the cholinergic receptor blocking agent, scopolamine either just before or immediately after the new learning task, or just(More)
Amyloid plaques, associated with argyrophilic dystrophic neurites, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), but no neurofibrillary tangles, were found in the brains of three middle-aged marmoset monkeys that had been injected intracerebrally (ic) 6-7 yr earlier with brain tissue from a patient with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Such changes were not found(More)
Cerebral beta-amyloidosis was found in 16/18 marmosets aged <10 yrs and 8/9 marmosets aged >10 yrs, injected intracerebrally with human or marmoset brain homogenate containing beta-amyloid 1-8 years previously. It was found in only 2/12 marmosets aged <10 yrs and 1/15 marmosets aged >10 yrs, injected with synthetic Abeta-peptides, CSF, or brain tissue which(More)
The performance of normal human volunteers and marmosets on a 2-choice guessing task was assessed after saline (control) or amphetamine administration. In human subjects the drug increased the number of alternation responses, which can be interpreted as an increase in stereotyped switching and which is similar to the response pattern produced by some groups(More)
Four groups of monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) were injected with saline or increasing amounts of the immunotoxin, ME20.4 IgG-saporin, directly into the basal nucleus of Meynert via a frontal trajectory which avoided damage to the overlying basal ganglia. ME20.4 IgG binds to the primate p75 low-affinity neurotrophin receptor, when the saporin derivitized(More)
Immunotoxic lesions of the diagonal band of Broca (VDB) in monkeys disrupted cholinergic input to the hippocampus, producing impaired learning of visuospatial conditional discriminations but not simple visual discriminations. Immunotoxic lesions of the basal nucleus of Meynert (NBM) deprived the cortex of most of its cholinergic input, producing impaired(More)