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Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome is a rare familial neurodegenerative condition that is vertically transmitted, in an apparently autosomal dominant way. It can also be horizontally transmitted to non-human primates and rodents through intracerebral inoculation of brain homogenates from patients with the disease. The exact incidence of the syndrome is unknown(More)
The performance of normal human volunteers and marmosets on a 2-choice guessing task was assessed after saline (control) or amphetamine administration. In human subjects the drug increased the number of alternation responses, which can be interpreted as an increase in stereotyped switching and which is similar to the response pattern produced by some groups(More)
It has been proposed that isolation of the inferior temporal cortex and medial temporal lobe from their cholinergic afferents results in a severe anterograde amnesia. To test this hypothesis directly, seven rhesus monkeys received a unilateral immunotoxic lesion of the cholinergic cells of the basal forebrain with an ipsilesional section of the fornix. In a(More)
Five marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were tested, using a Wisconsin General Test Apparatus, on a series of junk object visual discrimination tasks, including new learning, 24-hr reversal and 24-hr retention. The effects of administering the cholinergic receptor blocking agent, scopolamine either just before or immediately after the new learning task, or just(More)
Amyloid plaques, associated with argyrophilic dystrophic neurites, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), but no neurofibrillary tangles, were found in the brains of three middle-aged marmoset monkeys that had been injected intracerebrally (ic) 6-7 yr earlier with brain tissue from a patient with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Such changes were not found(More)
Cerebral beta-amyloidosis was found in 16/18 marmosets aged <10 yrs and 8/9 marmosets aged >10 yrs, injected intracerebrally with human or marmoset brain homogenate containing beta-amyloid 1-8 years previously. It was found in only 2/12 marmosets aged <10 yrs and 1/15 marmosets aged >10 yrs, injected with synthetic Abeta-peptides, CSF, or brain tissue which(More)
Overexpression of human alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) using recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors provides a novel tool to study neurodegenerative processes seen in Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies. We used a pseudotyped rAAV2/5 vector to express human wild-type (wt) alpha-syn, A53T mutated alpha-syn, or the green fluorescent(More)
In this review we consider various models of amnesia and dementia in monkeys and examine the validity of such models. In Section 2 we describe the various types of memory tests (tasks) available for use with monkeys and discuss the extent to which these tasks assess different facets of memory according to present theories of human memory. We argue that the(More)
Monkeys with bilateral lesions of the CA1 field of the hippocampus produced by the injection of neurotoxin diagonally along the length of the hippocampus were found to have a severe impairment on the retention of a conditional task learnt prior to surgery and on the new acquisition of several types of this task. They were equally impaired on conditional(More)
Common marmosets with bilateral ibotenic acid-induced destruction of the neurones of the vertical limb of the diagonal band of Broca, which provide the major cholinergic input to the hippocampal formation, were impaired on the acquisition but not on the retention of a repeated-trial visuospatial discrimination learning task. They were also impaired on(More)