Harry E. Prince

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The prognostic value of several immunologic markers were compared in Los Angeles Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) participants, most of whom had been infected with HIV for >8 years. Markers studied included CD4+ cell number, flow cytometric measurements of CD8+ cell expression of CD38 and HLA-DR antigens, and serum markers of immune activation including(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) causes asymptomatic infection in most humans, but for undefined reasons, approximately 20% of immunocompetent individuals develop West Nile fever, a potentially debilitating febrile illness, and approximately 1% develop neuroinvasive disease syndromes. Notably, since its emergence in 1999, WNV has become the leading cause of epidemic(More)
BACKGROUND The dynamics of the early stages of West Nile virus (WNV) infection can be assessed by follow-up studies of viremic blood donors. METHODS A total of 245 donors with WNV viremia were followed up weekly for 4 weeks and then monthly for up to 6 additional months or until seroconversion. Plasma samples were tested for WNV RNA by(More)
The ability of HIV-1 to establish an infection and replicate to high copy number in CD4 lymphocytes is dependent on both the activation state of the cell and virus-encoded regulatory proteins that modulate viral gene expression. To study these required virus-cell interactions, we have used an in vitro cell model of acute HIV infection of quiescent, primary(More)
West Nile Virus (WNV) antibody development and persistence were investigated in blood donors who made WNV RNA-positive (viremic) donations in 2003. Plasma samples from the index donations and follow-up serum or plasma samples were tested for WNV immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgA, and IgG by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Antibody development was(More)
During flow cytometric analysis of lymphocytes from healthy donors, we identified a donor (donor A) with 22% CD4+ CD8+ cells (versus values of < 4% for 65 other controls). To determine if CD4+ CD8+ cells from donor A and other controls were similar, we first defined the phenotypic profile of control CD4+ CD8+ cells. Enriched CD4+ CD8+ cell populations for(More)
Previous studies have shown that CD8 cell subsets, some expressing activation markers, are elevated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. To assess the overlap of these subsets, we used three-color flow cytometry to phenotype CD8 cells in cryopreserved mononuclear cells from uninfected controls and from people infected with HIV, in CDC classes(More)
A cohort of 63 hemophiliac subjects was followed for clinical and immunologic abnormalities related to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). When evaluated in early 1984, antibody to human T cell leukemia virus type III (HTLV-III) was detected in the serum of 59 percent (24 of 41) of factor VIII or IX concentrate recipients, but in none (0 of six)(More)
Human polymorphonuclear lysosomal granules contain a neutral protease which is capable of digesting human immunoglobulins. The protease is located in the azurophil granules and enzymatically cleaves IgG, producing a Fab-like piece which is recoverable. The Fc-like fragment is not crystallized. The Fab-like fragment competes effectively for ligands formed by(More)
Dengue virus IgM persistence was estimated using follow-up sera from 98 patients (60 with primary infections and 38 with secondary infections) whose first-specimen IgM index was strongly positive, suggesting recent disease onset. Regression analysis of the follow-up IgM index versus days between samples yielded a trend line that reached the cut-point index(More)