Harry Charles Ward

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The purpose of this study was to assess current status of antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure taking into account the recent improvement in the technique and outcome. Reviewing our record of 48 patients with ACE procedure performed between January 2002 and May 2007, we found that the underlying diagnoses were idiopathic constipation in 56%, anorectal(More)
The effect of biosynthetic human growth hormone (BSHGH) on postoperative protein and energy metabolism has been studied in patients who had major gastrointestinal surgery. Seven patients received placebo and seven patients received BSHGH, 0.1 mg/kg/24 h, for the first six postoperative days. Mean total nitrogen excretion was significantly lower with BSHGH(More)
To evaluate the utility of anorectal manometry (ARM) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with an endocoil in the assessment of dysfunction in children with repaired anorectal anomalies (ARA), 15 patients aged 1 to 15 years with repaired ARAs and chronic faecal incontinence or constipation were prospectively recruited. They underwent clinical assessment(More)
BACKGROUND Myectomy of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) has been performed on some children after failure of medical treatment to treat idiopathic constipation. The aim of this study was to compare botulinum toxin injection with myectomy of the IAS in the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation and soiling in children. METHODS This was a(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Megarectum in association with anorectal malformation contributes to chronic constipation and fecal incontinence. Resection of megarectum in anorectal malformation improves bowel function, but neuropathy and poor sphincter quality may affect the outcome of fecal continence adversely. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of(More)
Thickening of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) is observed in chronic idiopathic constipation (IC) and solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS), where it has been correlated with the presence and severity of rectal intussusception. Alternatively, thickened IAS may be a feature of the obstructed megarectum in a similar way to the hypertrophy of bladder neck(More)
PURPOSE Constipation is a common problem in children, and when it becomes chronic fecal impaction, overflow soiling and megarectum may develop. Children with chronic idiopathic constipation (IC) may not respond to conventional treatments of laxatives, enemas, and toilet training. The aims of the study were to evaluate the long-term outcome of transcutaneous(More)
Surgery for Hirschsprung's disease is associated with high rate of morbidity, in the form of either constipation or incontinence or a combination of the two. This study investigates the mechanisms responsible for incontinence and/or constipation following the pull-through operation for Hirschsprung's disease. There were 19 children (15 boys and 4 girls),(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to obtain high-resolution MR images of the various components of the anal sphincter complex in children who have anorectal disorders. We therefore used dedicated endoanal receiver coils for MR imaging. CONCLUSION Our pilot study suggested that MR imaging that uses a dedicated endoanal coil may have considerable(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to use transanal MR imaging to compare the anatomic appearance of the components of the anal sphincter and the pattern of scarring after a pull-through perineoplasty versus a posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sixteen children ranging in age from 10 months to 15 years (mean, 10 years) were imaged using(More)