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PURPOSE Evaluation of the relationship between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and the metastatic potential of primary breast cancer, and to compare the prognostic impact of PAI-1 in multivariate analysis with those of conventional prognostic factors, including steroid-hormone receptors, and those of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA),(More)
The antigen levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) 1, as detected in tumor extracts by ELISA, have been reported to be correlated with a poor prognosis in primary breast cancer. In the present study we have characterized a novel PAI-2-specific ELISA, designed to measure PAI-2 antigen(More)
The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay is widely used for in vitro measurement of the metabolic viability of cell cultures subjected to different culture conditions. This convenient assay, which is based on the ability of viable cells to produce formazan, can be affected significantly by a number of conditions. These(More)
Natural mixtures of sophorolipids produced by the yeast Candida bombicola have been analyzed by fast atom bombardment (FAB)-MS and collision-induced dissociation (CID)-MS. Some pure components have been analysed by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. The presence of acidic, lactonic, and O-acetylated forms and the position of double bonds in the fatty acid(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a proteolytic enzyme thought to be involved in processes leading to tumor cell invasion of surrounding tissues. Its activity during metastasis may be regulated by an inhibitor, PAI-1. Previous work has shown that high levels of uPA and PAI-1 are associated with poor prognosis in primary breast(More)
The antigen levels of components of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system of plasminogen activation are correlated with prognosis in several types of cancers, including breast cancer. In the present study involving 2780 patients with primary invasive breast cancer, we have evaluated the prognostic importance of the four major components of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic factor, has been reported to be associated with a poor prognosis in primary breast cancer and in several other cancer types. In the present study, we have measured with ELISA the levels of VEGF in cytosolic extracts of 845 primary breast tumors of patients who developed a recurrence during(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of the clinical significance of cytosolic tumor levels of the lysosomal cysteine proteases cathepsin B (catB) and cathepsin L (catL) in patients with primary breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS CatB (n = 1,500) and catL (n = 1,391) levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in cytosols routinely prepared from(More)
PURPOSE In recent studies, we showed that TP53 gene mutation or high levels of cytosolic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha-positive primary breast tumors predict a poor disease outcome for patients treated with first-line tamoxifen for advanced disease. Mutant TP53 may up-regulate VEGF, whereas, on the other hand,(More)
Clinically significant cut-off values to discriminate between receptor-positive and -negative, and the prognostic value of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) have not yet been established. We have therefore measured ER and PgR by EIA in cytosols from 205 primary breast cancer biopsies. Clinically(More)