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PURPOSE Evaluation of the relationship between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and the metastatic potential of primary breast cancer, and to compare the prognostic impact of PAI-1 in multivariate analysis with those of conventional prognostic factors, including steroid-hormone receptors, and those of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA),(More)
We have recently described the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its type 1 inhibitor (PAI-1) as strong prognostic variables in breast cancer (J. A. Foekens et al., Cancer Res., 52: 6101-6105, 1992; J. Grondahl-Hansen et al., Cancer Res., 53: 2513-2521, 1993; J. A. Foekens et al., J. Clin. Oncol., 11: 899-908, 1994). A specific cell surface(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) may be considered as a key enzyme in the processes of cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Evidence has been presented that, in breast stroma, uPA is expressed predominantly by myofibroblasts located at the invasive areas of the tumor. To examine whether transforming growth factor type-1 (TGF beta(1)) produced(More)
The antigen levels of components of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system of plasminogen activation are correlated with prognosis in several types of cancers, including breast cancer. In the present study involving 2780 patients with primary invasive breast cancer, we have evaluated the prognostic importance of the four major components of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic factor, has been reported to be associated with a poor prognosis in primary breast cancer and in several other cancer types. In the present study, we have measured with ELISA the levels of VEGF in cytosolic extracts of 845 primary breast tumors of patients who developed a recurrence during(More)
PURPOSE In the present study, we investigated the association between tumor tissue levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and prognosis in patients with primary breast cancer and analyzed whether TIMP-1 may be useful as a prognostic marker in combination with urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor(More)
The prognostic value of components of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system, its receptor uPAR (CD87), and plasminogen activator inhibitors PAI-1 and PAI-2 is well established. We studied the predictive value of these proteolytic factors by evaluating the association of their tumor expression level and the efficacy of tamoxifen therapy in(More)
PURPOSE BCAR1, the human homologue of the rat p130Cas protein, was identified in a functional screen for human breast cancer cell proliferation resistant to antiestrogen drugs. Here, we study the prognostic value of quantitative BCAR1 levels in a large series of breast cancer specimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A specific ELISA was developed to measure BCAR1(More)
The antigen levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) 1, as detected in tumor extracts by ELISA, have been reported to be correlated with a poor prognosis in primary breast cancer. In the present study we have characterized a novel PAI-2-specific ELISA, designed to measure PAI-2 antigen(More)
The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay is widely used for in vitro measurement of the metabolic viability of cell cultures subjected to different culture conditions. This convenient assay, which is based on the ability of viable cells to produce formazan, can be affected significantly by a number of conditions. These(More)