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The concurrent validity of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was evaluated in 122 outpatient adolescents referred to a clinic for depression. Criterion validators were Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS) generated diagnoses and a 17-item clinician-rated depression scale extracted from the K-SADS. Initial BDI scores of(More)
Symptom frequency and severity were compared in two sequential clinically referred samples of 95 children and 92 adolescents, aged 6 to 18 years, all medically healthy, assessed with the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Present Episode, who met unmodified Research Diagnostic Criteria for major depressive disorder(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined measures of functional impairment and family relations in a sample of 62 adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 38 normal controls with no history of psychiatric illness. METHOD Ratings of the following domains were obtained: mother-child relations, father-child relations, spousal relations, sibling relations,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to determine whether the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) would discriminate between outpatient adolescents with major depressive disorder and normal adolescent comparison subjects. METHOD Depressed patients were accepted into the study only if they fulfilled the Research Diagnostic Criteria for major depressive(More)
The authors report a study of 24-hour serial cortisol determinations, measured during baseline and after the administration of 0.25 and 0.5 mg of dexamethasone in a sample of predominantly outpatient children with major depressive disorder, nonaffective psychiatric controls, and normal controls. In this sample, 24-hour baseline cortisol and the(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that youth present to a psychiatric emergency service (PES) at least 25% of the time for nonurgent reasons, to examine the demographic characteristics that distinguish urgent from nonurgent visits, and to develop a model to predict urgency. METHOD Psychiatric emergency visits of all patients under 18 years from July 1,(More)
Prolactin (PRL) and cortisol (CORT) responses to a single oral administration (1.0 mg/kg) of the indirect serotonin agonist dl-fenfluramine were assessed in unmedicated prepubertal and adolescent males with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD). Neuroendocrine responses were correlated with scores on aggression rating scales in prepubertal and adolescent DBD(More)
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores of 328 adolescents referred to a depression clinic were factor analyzed to test the discriminant validity of each factor. Three of the four factors (Negative Self Attitude. Performance Difficulty, and Somatic Symptoms) discriminated depressed adolescents from those with a behavior disorder or no diagnosis; the Negative(More)
Plasma cortisol levels were monitored for 2 hours after an intramuscular injection of 75 mg desipramine in 13 endogenous depressives and 20 normal controls. Endogenous depressives had a significantly reduced cortisol response in comparison to normal controls, not explained by sex, age, or baseline cortisol differences between groups. A lack of a cortisol(More)
Forty-nine, mostly outpatient (86%), nonbipolar adolescents, aged Tanner stage III to 18 years, with a current diagnosis of major depressive disorder and 40 adolescents without current presence or history of psychiatric disorder were studied polysomnographically for three consecutive nights. Sleep latency was significantly longer in the depressive groups.(More)