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2,3,7,8-tetrachlordibenzo-p-doxin (TCDD) would not have been designated as a Group 1 carcinogen by IARC had there not been a change in the criteria used for inclusion in this category. Furthermore, there is no precedent for indicating, as did IARC, that a single chemical acts as a pluripotential carcinogen by modestly increasing human risk for all cancer(More)
Data at ICU admission and after 24 h in the ICU were collected on 755 patients, to derive multiple logistic regression models for predicting hospital mortality. The derived models contained relatively few and easily obtained variables. The weight associated with each variable was determined objectively. There were seven admission variables, none of which(More)
PURPOSE We examined the ability of a nonexercise based VO2max, prediction model to classify cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in a population of men and women aged 19-79 yr of age (N = 799). METHODS A VO2max (mL.kg(-1).min(-1)) prediction model was developed in the study group using multiple linear regression from the independent variables age, age2,(More)
A case-control study of 255 women with fibrocystic breast lesions and 790 controls was conducted at two hospitals in New Haven, Connecticut during 1977-1979. Cases were found to weigh significantly less than controls, and were more likely than controls to have: a first-degree female relative with a history of breast cancer; a higher level of education; a(More)
BACKGROUND After the Chernobyl nuclear accident on April 26, 1986, all children in the contaminated territory of the Narodichesky region, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine, were obliged to participate in a yearly medical examination. We present the results from these examinations for the years 1993 to 1998. Since the hematopoietic system is an important target, we(More)
This research was conducted to examine the effect of model choice on the epidemiologic interpretation of occupational cohort data. Three multiplicative models commonly employed in the analysis of occupational cohort studies--proportional hazards. Poisson, and logistic regression--were used to analyze data from an historical cohort study of workers exposed(More)
Sixty-four children aged 1-4 years were evaluated for the extent to which they ingest soil. The study followed the soil tracer methodology of S. Binder, D. Sokal, and D. Maughan (1986, Arch. Environ. Health, 41, 341-345). However, the present study included a number of modifications from the Binder et al. study. The principal new features were (1)(More)
We tested recently developed admission and 24-h models of hospital mortality on 1,997 consecutive admissions to a general medical/surgical ICU. This study population was independent of the group used to develop the models. The admission prediction model estimated each patient's probability of hospital mortality based on seven routinely collected admission(More)
Proportionate mortality among workers exposed to formaldehyde was analyzed among employees of a large chemical plant in Western Massachusetts. Twenty-four such decedents, all males, were identified through union records, reports of former co-workers, and a systematic review of obituaries in local newspaper. Work histories were obtained from seniority lists.(More)
The associations between participation in several specific sports, use of free weights, and use of weight lifting equipment and herniated lumbar or cervical intervertebral discs were examined in a case-control epidemiologic study. Specific sports considered were baseball or softball, golf, bowling, swimming, diving, jogging, aerobics, and racquet sports.(More)