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BACKGROUND/AIMS Previous studies in our laboratory implicated ethanol-induced decreases in hepatocellular S-adenosylmethionine to S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAM:SAH) ratios in lowering the activity of phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase (PEMT), which is associated with the generation of steatosis. Further in vitro studies showed that betaine(More)
Previous studies showed that chronic ethanol administration inhibits methionine synthase activity, resulting in impaired homocysteine remethylation to form methionine. This defect in homocysteine remethylation was shown to increase plasma homocysteine and to interfere with the production of hepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) in ethanol-fed rats. These(More)
Pairs of rats were fed control and alcohol liquid diets for periods of 1, 2, 3, and 4 months. The animals were then killed, and their livers analyzed for betaine, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), methionine synthetase activity, and betaine--homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) activity. The results of this time-course study showed that chronic ethanol feeding(More)
Results of previous studies have shown that chronic ethanol administration impairs methionine synthetase activity and decreases S-adenosylmethionine levels in the liver, indicating interference with homocysteine remethylation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of chronic ethanol feeding on the accumulation of homocysteine(More)
Among the most important pathways for liver integrity in the body are the two that synthesize methionine and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) through methylation of homocysteine. Results of studies in this laboratory have demonstrated ethanolic inhibition of one of these pathways catalyzed by methionine synthetase. It has been shown elsewhere that alcohol per se(More)
Previous studies in this laboratory have shown that feeding of ethanol to rats produces prompt inhibition of methionine synthetase (MS) as well as a subsequent increase in activity of betaine homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT). Further studies have shown that supplemental dietary betaine enhanced methionine metabolism and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)(More)
The findings obtained in this laboratory and others over the past decade are discussed in order to formulate a thesis, indicating the adverse action of ethanol on a vital methylation process in the liver. Evidence is shown that the rat may have a means of compensating for this impairment in methylation whereas humans do not have this same ability to protect(More)
Previous studies have shown that ethanol feeding to rats alters methionine metabolism by decreasing the activity of methionine synthetase. This is the enzyme that converts homocysteine in the presence of vitamin B12 and N5-methyltetrahydrofolate to methionine. The action of the ethanol results in an increase in the hepatic level of the substrate(More)
The feeding of ethanol to experimental animals results in fatty infiltration of the liver. Recent findings have shown that ethanol-induced steatosis is accompanied by a lowering in hepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) levels. It is known that SAM provides substrates for reduced glutathione formation and offers the cell protection from toxic metabolic(More)