Harriet Andersen

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Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) plays an important role in energy balance. The current studies were carried out on a new line of mice lacking the rodent MCH receptor (MCHR1(-/-) mice). These mice confirmed the previously reported lean phenotype characterized by increased energy expenditure and modestly increased caloric intake. Because MCH is expressed(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a central role in regulating metabolism and energy homeostasis. It achieves its function by sensing fluctuations in the AMP:ATP ratio. AMP deaminase (AMPD) converts AMP into IMP, and the AMPD1 isoenzyme is expressed in skeletal muscles. Here, effects of pharmacological inhibition and genetic deletion of AMPD were(More)
It is well recognized that the hypothalamus is of central importance in the regulation of food intake and fat mass. Recent studies indicate that it also plays an important role in the regulation of bone mass. Melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) is highly expressed in the hypothalamus and has been implicated in regulation of energy homeostasis. We developed(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that promotes cell survival and is expressed in both the tumor and the stromal components of human cancers. We have developed a fully human monoclonal antibody, MEDI-575, that selectively binds to human PDGFRα with high affinity, with no observable affinity for murine PDGFRα.(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are important regulators of cholesterol, lipid, and glucose metabolism and have been extensively studied in liver, macrophages, and adipose tissue. However, their role in skeletal muscle is poorly studied and the functional role of each of the LXRalpha and LXRbeta subtypes in skeletal muscle is at present unknown. To study the(More)
Metabolic syndrome is growing in importance with the rising levels of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance. Metabolic syndrome shares many characteristics with Cushing's syndrome, which has led to investigation of the link between excess glucocorticoids and metabolic syndrome. Indeed, increased glucocorticoids from intracellular regeneration by(More)
A quantitative cytochemical method for the measurement of beta-galactosidase activity in cultured human skin fibroblasts has been developed using 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside as the indigogenic substrate. The method relies upon the oxidation of the primary reaction product by ferro/ferricyanide during which an insoluble indigo dye is(More)
The enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) is a target for novel type 2 diabetes and obesity therapies based on the premise that lowering of tissue glucocorticoids will have positive effects on body weight, glycemic control, and insulin sensitivity. An 11β-HSD1 inhibitor (compound C) inhibited liver 11β-HSD1 by >90% but led to only small(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a key role in energy homeostasis and is activated in response to contraction-induced ATP depletion in skeletal muscle via a rise in intracellular AMP/ADP concentrations. AMP can be deaminated by AMP-deaminase (AMPD) to IMP, which is hydrolyzed to inosine by cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase II (NT5C2). AMP can also be(More)