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In this cohort study we examined whether gender, age at onset, observation time or human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype are risk factors for an aggressive clinical course in Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP). Clinical data from patient records comprised gender, age at onset, date of first endolaryngeal procedure with biopsy, date of last follow-up,(More)
Mouth breathing may contribute to increased collapsibility of the upper airways because of decreased contractile efficiency of the upper airway muscles as a result of mouth opening. Nasal airflow is also hypothesized to have a stimulating effect on the respiratory drive via receptors in the nose. Accordingly, patients with sleep-related breathing disorders(More)
The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between tension-type headache and obstructive sleep apnea in the general population. The method involves a cross-sectional population-based study. A random age and gender stratified sample of 40,000 persons aged 20-80 years residing in Akershus, Hedmark or Oppland County, Norway were drawn(More)
Objective is to investigate the relationship between migraine and obstructive sleep apnea in the general population. A cross-sectional population-based study. A random age and gender stratified sample of 40,000 persons aged 20-80 years residing in Akershus, Hedmark or Oppland County, Norway, were drawn by the National Population Register. A postal(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical value of pulseoximetry in the diagnosis of sleep apnea when satisfactory agreement with polysomnography is obtained. METHODS This was a prospective clinical study, set in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. One hundred consecutive patients were investigated for sleep related(More)
This study examines the prevalence of hearing loss in children with Down syndrome at the age of 8. All children were examined in the ENT-departments of public hospitals in Norway and the study population consisted of children born in Norway in 2002 with Down syndrome. Hearing loss was defined as pure-tone air-conduction reduction by on average more than 25(More)
In our clinical experience, individuals with Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) present with more complaints of oral dryness and higher caries activity than seen in the general population. A literature review identified no reports of salivary gland pathology and glandular dysfunction associated with TCS. Twenty-one Norwegian individuals with TCS underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE Infections and maternal smoking are risk factors for SIDS, and toxins from common bacteria have been proposed as a causative link between infections and SIDS. Nicotine can be transferred in significant amounts postnatally to the infant through environmental tobacco smoke or maternal smoking before nursing. We investigated the acute effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES Maternal cigarette smoking is established as a major dose-dependent risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Both prenatal and postnatal exposures to constituents of tobacco smoke are associated with SIDS, but no mechanism of death attributable to nicotine has been found. Breastfeeding gives a substantial increase in absorbed nicotine(More)
Although the relationship between Quality of Life (QoL) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported in several studies, little is known about this relationship among individuals affected with Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS). The aim of this study was to examine the associations between obstructive sleep and QoL in TCS patients. Thirty-six(More)