Harri I Toivonen

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Radiation surveillance equipment was mounted in a small unmanned aerial vehicle. The equipment consists of a commercial CsI detector for count rate measurement and a specially designed sampling unit for airborne radioactive particles. Field and flight tests were performed for the CsI detector in the area where (137)Cs fallout from the Chernobyl accident is(More)
In order to characterize the growth pattern of the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line HL60, its kinetic parameters were studied. The doubling time was calculated from serial cell counts, the duration of the various cell cycle phases from the analysis of the labelled mitoses curve, and quiescent population from continuous labelling experiments.(More)
The genetic structure of 33 natural Quercus robur stands in Finland was studied using 13 allozyme loci to analyze the effects of fragmentation in a wind-pollinated tree species. The present fragmented and discontinuous distribution of oak is a result of both short-term human impact and long-term climatic and geological change, including post-glacial land(More)
In the aftermath of a nuclear accident or malevolent act, it is of paramount importance to have the capability to monitor airborne radioactive substances by collecting air samples. For potentially dangerous missions, the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority of Finland (STUK) has developed an air sampler to be used on a small unmanned aerial vehicle. When(More)
For the present study, which was performed to find a reliable method suitable for determination of the cell kinetic parameters of a continuous cell line, use was made of the macrophage cell line J774.1. The doubling time of the cell population was approximately 27 h. The continuous labeling curve showed that all the cells divide and almost no quiescent(More)
Over 300 daily environmental radioxenon samples were analyzed using French developed SPALAX for automatic sample preparation including high-resolution gamma-spectrometry. The 133Xe sensitivity was significantly better than 1 mBq/m3 (specified criterion for Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty verification). Radioxenon analysis was extended to include the(More)
Several radionuclides were identified in the surface air in Finland following a nuclear incident in Sosnovyy Bor on 24 March 1992. In addition to gases, the release contained small uranium fuel particles. The radionuclide concentrations were of the same order of magnitude as the concentrations detected in Northern Finland in 1987 after the nuclear explosion(More)
Aerosol samples have been studied under different background conditions using gamma-ray coincidence and low-background gamma-ray singles spectrometric techniques with High-Purity Germanium detectors. Conventional low-background gamma-ray singles counting is a competitive technique when compared to the gamma-gamma coincidence approach in elevated background(More)
A novel analysis program to unfold alpha-particle energy spectra was introduced, demonstrated and validated using radiochemically processed test sources, which contained different amounts of (239)Pu and (240)Pu. A high-resolution alpha spectrometer was used for data acquisition. The software known as ADAM unfolds the spectra using nuclide-specific decay(More)
Airborne gamma spectrometry is an excellent tool for finding out in a timely manner the extent and magnitude of the dispersion of radioactive materials resulting from a nuclear disaster. To utilise existing European airborne monitoring capabilities for multilateral assistance in an accident is a complex administrative and technical matter. Several(More)