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Estonia was the first country in the world to use Internet voting nationally, and today more than 30% of its ballots are cast online. In this paper, we analyze the security of the Estonian I-voting system based on a combination of in-person election observation, code review, and adversarial testing. Adopting a threat model that considers the advanced(More)
As a result of a public-interest lawsuit, by Court order we were able to study, for one month, the hardware and source code of the Sequoia AVC Advantage direct-recording electronic voting machine, which is used throughout New Jersey (and Louisiana), and the Court has permitted us to publicly describe almost everything that we were able to learn. In short,(More)
The State of Ohio commissioned the EVEREST study in late summer of 2007. The study participants were charged with an analysis of the usability, stability, and security of all voting systems used in Ohio elections. This paper details the approach and results of the security analysis of the Premier and Hart systems within the EVEREST effort. As in previous(More)
Executive Summary. The Sequoia AVC Advantage is a direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machine used in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and other states. I. The AVC Advantage 9.00 is easily " hacked, " by the installation of fraudulent firmware. This is done by prying just one ROM chip from its socket and pushing a new one in, or by replacement of the Z80(More)
In response to growing concern about the security and integrity of elections in the state of Ohio, Secretary of State Jennifer Brunner set in motion a comprehensive study of the electronic voting equipment used throughout the state. Known as Project EVEREST (Evaluation and Validation of Election Related Equipment, Standards and Testing), this study(More)
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