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BACKGROUND The five-year survival rate for patients in the United States diagnosed with oral pharyngeal cancer is 52 percent, which suggests that these cancers are diagnosed at late stages. The authors conducted this study to determine U.S. dentists' opinions and practices regarding oral cancer prevention and early detection. METHODS The authors mailed a(More)
The objective of this study was to assess family physicians' knowledge, opinions and practices regarding oral cancers in the state of Maryland, USA. A 40-item, self-administered questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Maryland Academy of Family Physicians. Unweighted data (n=240) were analyzed using SAS and SUDAAN software; results were evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Oral pharyngeal cancer constitutes the most life-threatening of all dental and craniofacial conditions. The U.S. five-year survival rate of 52 percent for these cancers is one of the lowest and has not changed in decades. METHODS The authors mailed a pretested survey to 7,000 randomly selected general dentists. They obtained information on(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the lifetime prevalence of dental pain among Maryland's school age children. METHODS Data come from the Survey of Oral Health Status of Maryland School Children conducted in 2000-01. History of dental pain, as reported by an adult respondent, was analyzed for 2,411 kindergarten and third grade students. Percentages with their 95%(More)
The authors mailed a pilot survey to 500 randomly selected general dentists. Although most dentists reported their knowledge of oral cancer to be current, their actual knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and signs and symptoms was inconsistent. Conflicting data were also found between their level of knowledge and their provision of oral cancer(More)
Oral cancer is responsible for more than 8,000 deaths each year. This mortality may be attributed to lack of effective oral examinations by dental and medical primary care clinicians. This pilot project assessed the knowledge, opinions and practices of a group of Maryland physicians and dentists in oral cancer prevention, diagnosis and detection. Dentists(More)
OBJECTIVES This review paper provides a rationale for using health promotion to help reduce morbidity and mortality due to oral cancers by identifying barriers to prevention and early detection of these cancers and discussing strategies for change. METHODS A literature review of the following areas was conducted: epidemiology of and risk factors for oral(More)
Tyrosine-225 is hydrogen-bonded to the 3'-hydroxyl group of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate in the active site of aspartate aminotransferase. Replacement of this residue with phenylalanine (Y225F) results in a shift in the acidic limb of the pKa of the kcat/KAsp vs pH profile from 7.1 (wild-type) to 8.4 (mutant). The change in the kinetic pKa is mirrored by a(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the effect of age, income, and coverage on dental service utilization during 1996. METHODS We used data from the 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. RESULTS Edentulous and poorer older adults are less likely to have coverage and less likely to report a dental visit than dentate or wealthier older adults. CONCLUSIONS These(More)