Harold R. Udseth

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The principles, development, and recent application of electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to biological compounds are reviewed. ESI-MS methods now allow determination of accurate molecular weights for proteins extending to over 50,000, and in some cases well over 100,000. Similar capabilities are being developed for oligonucleotides. The(More)
We describe and demonstrate a global strategy that extends the sensitivity, dynamic range, comprehensiveness, and throughput of proteomic measurements based upon the use of peptide "accurate mass tags" (AMTs) produced by global protein enzymatic digestion. The two-stage strategy exploits Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry(More)
The characterization of cellular proteomes is important for understanding biochemical processes ranging from cell differentiation to cancer development. In one highly promising approach, whole protein extracts or fractions are digested (e.g., with trypsin) and injected into a packed capillary column for subsequent separation. The separated peptides are then(More)
A novel microfabricated device for isoelectric focusing (IEF) incorporating an optimized electrospray ionization (ESI) tip was constructed on polycarbonate plates using laser micromachining. The IEF microchip incorporated a separation channel (50 micro x 30 micro x 16 cm), three fluid connectors, and two buffer reservoirs. Electrical potentials used for IEF(More)
Collisional activation (CA) and collision-activated dissociation (CAD) of multiply protonated molecular ions produced by electrospray ionization using an atmospheric pressure source are described. A TAGA 6000E triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer, in both unmodified and differentially pumped inlet arrangements, was used to investigate CA and CAD during(More)
Data-dependent external m/z selection and accumulation of ions is demonstrated in use with ESI-FTICR instrumentation, with two different methods for ion selection being explored. One method uses RF/DC quadrupole filtering and is described in use with an 11.5 tesla (T) FTICR instrument, while the second method employs RF-only resonance dipolar excitation(More)
Understanding biological systems and the roles of their constituents is facilitated by the ability to make quantitative, sensitive, and comprehensive measurements of how their proteome changes, e.g., in response to environmental perturbations. To this end, we have developed a high-throughput methodology to characterize an organism's dynamic proteome based(More)
We describe the combined use of 15N-metabolic labeling and a cysteine-reactive biotin affinity tag to isolate and quantitate cysteine-containing polypeptides (Cys-polypeptides) from Deinococcus radiodurans as well as from mouse B16 melanoma cells. D. radiodurans were cultured in both natural isotopic abundance and 15N-enriched media. Equal numbers of cells(More)
Electrospray-ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry is used to monitor higher order structural changes of polypeptides induced by alteration of the pH or organic solvent composition in the protein solution environment. A bimodal charge-state distribution is observed in the ESI mass spectrum of ubiquitin (relative molecular mass 8565) in solutions containing(More)