Harold P. Schedl

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We studied intestinal absorption of solutions containing either one (glucose, Glu, or maltodextrin, Mal) or two (fructose, Fru, and Glu or sucrose, Suc) transportable carbohydrate (CHO) substrates using segmental perfusion technique in eight healthy male subjects. These CHO were either free or directly transportable monosaccharides (Glu, Fru), bound as the(More)
Eight men positioned a triple-lumen tube in the duodenojejunum. By use of segmental perfusion, 2, 4, 6, or 8% solutions of glucose (111-444 mM), sucrose (55-233 mM), a maltodextrin [17-67 mM, avg. chain length = 7 glucose units (7G)], or a corn syrup solid [40-160 mM, avg. chain length = 3 glucose units (3G)] were perfused at 15 ml/min for 70 min after a(More)
Intestinal absorption may be defined operationally as the complete disappearance of a substance from the bowel lumen, and many recent studies are based on this definition (Lundh, 1958; Schanker, Tocco, Brodie, and Hogben, 1958; Borgstrbm, Dahlquist, and Lundh, 1962). In such studies a reference substance, which, it is assumed is not absorbed, is also needed(More)
Distilled water, a carbohydrate-electrolyte (CE; 4% sucrose, 2% glucose, 17.2 meq/l NaCl, and 2.8 meq/l KCl) solution, or a 10% glucose solution, all containing the nonabsorbed indicator polyethylene glycol (PEG) and deuterium oxide (D2O, 30 ppm), were infused (15 ml/min) into the duodenojejunum of seven men by using the triple lumen technique. Net water(More)
Formulation of oral rehydration solutions (ORS) is reviewed in the context of methods for measuring absorption of water and component substrates, transport mechanisms of substrates and water, requirements of the athlete, and effects of exercise on absorption. The triple lumen tube intubation perfusion method is the optimal technique for obtaining absorption(More)
The effect of insulin or glutathione treatment on glutathione content of liver and jejunal mucosa and on superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of liver, kidney, and erythrocytes was investigated in pair-fed animals with streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Diabetes lowered hepatic glutathione concentration, but glutathione concentration of the jejunal mucosa(More)
Duodenal calcium absorption and a vitamin D-dependent duodenal calcium-binding protein are depressed in rats with alloxan- or streptozotocin-induced diabetes. To test for possible abnormal vitamin D metabolism in diabetes we measured serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in control, streptozotocin diabetic, and(More)
Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in the rat alters intestinal function, causes hyperphagia and arrests body growth, but stimulates intestinal growth, particularly in the mucosa. Therefore we measured several indices of epithelial cell proliferation to gain insight on possible factors responsible for the increased mucosal cell mass in the small intestine. We(More)
We tested the hypothesis that depressed duodenal calcium absorption in the streptozotocin diabetic rat is the consequence of diabetes rather than nephrotoxicity of the diabetogenic agent causing abnormal renal vitamin D metabolism. We treated streptozotocin diabetic rats with insulin and compared their duodenal calcium transport response with that of(More)