Harold M. Schoolman

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The rapid advances in computer and communication technology in the 1970's have enabled large interactive scientific and technical information retrieval systems to be implemented. Major search services today offer on-line access to millions of bibliographic citations and an increasing number of "electronic handbooks." In addition, development of knowledge(More)
Since the 1970s, it has been clear that the health community needs to develop a health care system that matches a person's needs with the expertise and technology to address those needs. The logical solution is a multi-tiered system. In such a system, physicians would provide second- and third-tier services and other health professionals would provide(More)
A b s t r a c t In 1986, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) assembled a large multidisciplinary, multisite team to work on the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), a collaborative research project aimed at reducing fundamental barriers to the application of computers to medicine. Beyond its tangible products, the UMLS Knowledge Sources, and its(More)
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