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The aging human population is experiencing increasing numbers of symptoms related to its degenerative articular cartilage (AC), which has stimulated the investigation of methods to regenerate or repair AC. However, the seemingly inherent limited capacity for AC to regenerate persists to confound the various repair treatment strategies proposed or studied.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate a new collagen-GAG-calcium phosphate biphasic scaffold for the repair of surgically created osteochondral defects in goats. Comparison of morphological, histological and mechanical performance of the repair tissue was made with defects repaired using a synthetic polymer scaffold. Defects were created in the medial(More)
Cemented THA is an established procedure for treating arthropathies of the hip in large, healthy mature dogs. CHD with secondary osteoarthritis is the most common indication. Although comparative studies between THA and excision arthroplasty have not been reported, our experience with both procedures and studies in the literature support THA as the best(More)
BACKGROUND Full-thickness defects measuring 3 mm in diameter have been commonly used in studies of rabbits to evaluate new procedures designed to improve the quality of articular cartilage repair. These defects initially heal spontaneously. However, little information is available on the characteristics of repair of larger defects. The objective of the(More)
Biologic prostheses have emerged to address the limitations of synthetic materials for ventral hernia repairs; however, they lack experimental comparative data. Fifteen swine were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 bioprosthetic groups (DermaMatrix, AlloDerm, and Permacol) after creation of a full thickness ventral fascial defect. At 15 weeks, host incorporation,(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of barium sulfate on remodeling and regeneration in standard tibial defects in rabbits treated with the Norian skeletal repair system (SRS). Two formulations of SRS (with and without barium sulfate) were injected into the medullary canal of the tibia of New Zealand white rabbits. Animals were sacrificed at 6(More)
Abstract Background. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of a proximal hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in comparison with a grit-blasted titanium surface of an anatomic hip stem in an animal model over a maximum duration of 2 years. Methods. Thirty adult dogs underwent implantation of either a proximally HA-coated or a grit-blasted anatomic(More)
The symptomatic degeneration of articular cartilage and associated arthritis is among the most prevalent chronic conditions in the United States and the population most at risk is increasing. It is the leading cause of limitations in activities of daily living and is second to heart disease in causing work disability. The current and future socioeconomic(More)
BACKGROUND Choice of bone replacement materials is important when reconstructing large craniofacial defects. Hydroxyapatite cements are often used for such reconstructions. Recent advances in the development of these cements have produced locally applied, in situ hardening materials excellent for use in craniofacial defects. To date, there has been a(More)
Twelve normal greyhound femora were divided into three groups. In group one, femoral stems were placed in neutral position with maximal fill. Group two had undersized femoral stems placed in neutral position. Group three had undersized femoral stems placed in varus position. Intact and implanted femora were loaded from 10 newtons (N) to 300 N in axial(More)