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On December 3, 1984, a leak of methylisocyanate (MIC) from a chemical plant in Bhopal, India, affected 150,000 to 200,000 people. More than 10,000 people were severely injured and approximately 2,500 died. In this article a survey of symptoms, treatment, and rescue work is given. On the basis of this, we discuss ways to help reduce the effects of a major(More)
Kamedo is a Swedish Disaster Medicine study organization that sends observers to disaster areas anywhere in the world to study recent events, collect useful information, and identify problems relative to the practice of Disaster Medicine. The results of these investigations are published in the KAMEDO Reports, and the English versions will be published in(More)
in this technical essay are discussions of the nature of distributed systems, design processes associated with the distribution of processing, and the conditions under which benefits accrue. The essay concentrates on some of the major benefits expected from distributed systems so as to provide a context in which to judge particular designs and their(More)
This bibliography attempts to help the reader select from the rich body o f sorting literatrue that \t>hich is in accord with his interests, needs, and prior training. Historical trends within the jield are briefly outlined, and sub-specialties are identijied. Critical comments and classification of the cited works are intended to help the reader to avoid(More)
Distributed systems commonly contain heterogencity at all lcvels of systems structure, differentiated by function (special servers), operating systems and architecture within a single system. On the other hand, large mainframes tend to be more homogeneous in their structures, even when they are multiprocessors. This paper explores a way of using the models(More)
The Object >1odel of an Operating System is a structural model for an operating system as well as a design methodology. It is widely described in the literature and is represented by a number of commercial and university machines. The central concept is that a system is a collection of objects existing in an apparent single level addressing space. Each(More)