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Naloxone-precipitated opioid abstinence is associated with enhancement of reflex responses to noxious stimulation (hyperalgesia). The present experiments in lightly anesthetized rats were designed to determine (1) whether neurons in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) contribute to this enhancement, and (2) whether this enhancement is due to removal of(More)
1. The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) participates in the modulation of nociceptive transmission by spinal cord neurons. Previous anatomic studies have demonstrated that RVM neurons project to laminae I, II, and V of the dorsal horn; laminae VII and VIII of the intermediate and ventral horns; the intermediolateral column; and lamina X. The RVM contains(More)
Microinjection of kappa-opioid receptor agonists into the nucleus accumbens produces conditioned place aversion. While attention has focused primarily on the inhibition of dopamine release by kappa-receptor agonists as the synaptic mechanism underlying this effect, recent anatomical studies have raised the possibility that regulation of noncatecholaminergic(More)