Harold J. Jennings

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The application of 13-C nuclear magnetic resonance to the analysis of some sialic acid-containing meningococcal polysaccharide antigens is described. Complete assignments of the spectra of both the native serogroup B and the de-O-acetylated serogroup C polysaccharides have been made. These assignments were based on the corresponding data for some related(More)
The immunological properties of the group B meningococcal alpha(2-8)-linked sialic acid polysaccharide have been rationalized in terms of a model where the random coil nature of the polymer can be described by the presence of local helices. The conformational versatility of the alpha NeuAc(2-8)alpha NeuAc linkage has been explored by NMR studies at 600 MHz(More)
The rate of coupling of oligosaccharides having aldose end groups to protein by reductive amination was significantly increased by changing the temperature and pH of the reaction, and even more significantly by the addition of borate ions. Under optimized conditions half of the lysine residues of bovine serum albumin could be derivatized by lactose in 7 h(More)
The N-propionylated group B meningococcal polysaccharide (NPrGBMP) mimics a unique protective epitope on the surface of group B meningococci (GBM) and Escherichia coli K1. Using a series of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) induced by the NPrGBMP-monomeric tetanus toxoid (TT) conjugate vaccine it was demonstrated that mAbs having specificities for both extended(More)
The successful coupling of the meningococcal groups A, B, and C polysaccharides to tetanus toxoid to yield water soluble conjugates is described. Reactive aldehyde groups were strategically introduced into the terminal residues of the polysaccharides by the controlled periodate oxidation of the native groups B and C polysaccharides and of the group A(More)
Microbial polysaccharides are notably poor immunogens. We have developed an alternate route for the production of Abs to important carbohydrate epitopes. mAb S9, a protective mAb against the type III capsular polysaccharide of group B streptococci (GBS), was used to select epitope analogues from a peptide display phage library. Depending upon desorption(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important perinatal pathogen. Because transplacentally acquired maternal antibodies to the GBS capsular polysaccharides (CPS) confer protection, prevention of infant disease may be possible after immunization of women. Unfortunately, the purified CPS of GBS are only variably immunogenic in adults; therefore to enhance(More)
The application of high-resolution 1H, 13C and 31P NMR and MS analyses to the oligosaccharide moieties of the L4 and L7 immunotypes of Neisseria meningitidis revealed that they had the following structures: [formula: see text] The fact that the L7 LPS is not sialylated at O-3 of its terminal beta-D-galactopyranosyl residue implies that it is a mutant strain(More)