Harold I Calvin

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A specific reagent DACM [N-(7-Dimethylamino-4-methyl-3-coumarinyl)maleimide] is used to study the -SH groups in lens proteins of normal and galactose cataractous rats. DACM when reacts readily with -SH groups form strong fluorescent adducts. The two -dimensional electrophoresis with DACM pre-labeled proteins is a simple and sensitive method for detecting(More)
Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of glutathione biosynthesis, induces oxidative cataracts following multiple injections into mice at 1 week of age. Cultures of lenses with (35)S-methionine have previously demonstrated altered patterns of protein biosynthesis that precede and accompany these cataracts. To obtain parallel information about(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of two serine-threonine protein kinase inhibitors in a mouse lens culture system previously designed to investigate cortical cataracts caused by L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), inhibitor of GSH biosynthesis. METHODS Cataract development in HL-1 medium was evaluated visually or by measurement of lens Na+/K+ ratio through(More)
Lens opacities developed within 48-72 hr in mice that received a series of eight injections of L-buthionine sulfoximine, a specific inhibitor of glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis, on postnatal days 8 and 9. Initial histopathologic features consisted of swollen fibers in the central anterior cortex and displacement of cell nuclei from the bow region to the(More)
L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of GSH biosynthesis, was administered four times daily to mouse pups on post-natal days 7 and 8, inducing initiation of opacification on day 9. The initial progression of the cataract (less than 24 hr) was divided into four stages: (1) developing floriform; (2) mature floriform; (3) degenerate(More)
Previous studies indicated that DL-buthionine sulfoximine (DL-BSO), an agent that inhibits the biosynthesis of GSH in liver and other peripheral organs, fails to suppress levels of GSH in the CNS. In the current study, preweanling mice responded to repeated injections of L-BSO with marked declines (79.6-86.5%) of GSH content in brain and spinal cord. In(More)
The specific inhibitor of glutathione biosynthesis, L-buthionine sulfoximine (L-BSO), although relatively nontoxic in adult mice, induces severe glutathione depletion and age-specific pathological changes when repeatedly administered to male suckling mice. Dense cataracts developed when mice aged 9 to 12 days were given a series of injections of L-BSO,(More)
Cataract induction in preweanling mice by L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of glutathione biosynthesis, was correlated with perturbations in vitro protein biosynthesis. These were detected by incubation of late precataract and early cataract lenses with 35S-labeled amino acids, followed by dissection of lenses into capsule-epithelium and(More)