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A survey of the temporal bone collection at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary reveals 21 cases that meet the criterion for the clinical diagnosis of presbycusis. It is evident that the previously advanced concept of four predominant pathologic types of presbycusis is valid, these being sensory, neural, strial, and cochlear conductive. An abrupt(More)
Delayed endolymphatic hydrops is a disease entity that can be differentiated from Ménière's disease. Typically it occurs in patients who have sustained a profound hearing loss in one ear, usually from infection or trauma, and then after a prolonged period of time develop either episodic vertigo from the same ear (ipsilateral delayed endolymphatic hydrops)(More)
The external shunt operation on the endolymphatic sac is based on the concept that it will drain excess endolymph and thus arrest the progression of endolymphatic hydrops. We performed histological studies on 46 temporal bones from 13 cases of bilateral and 20 cases of unilateral Meniere's disease to evaluate the status of the pathways of longitudinal flow(More)
The temporal bone histopathological findings in 14 ears with noise induced hearing loss are presented. The morphological changes consist mainly of hair cell loss, which is more severe in the 9 mm to 13 mm region of the cochlear duct. Within the area of maximum hair cell loss, there is a greater loss of outer hair cells than of inner hair cells. There is a(More)
Endolymphatic hydrops of the nonprogressive type occurs in response to a single traumatic or toxic insult of limited duration and although it may result in permanent deficits in sensorineural function, there is total subsidence of vestibular symptoms. Endolymphatic hydrops of the progressive type, on the other hand, appears to be the result of permanent(More)
Delayed endolymphatic hydrops (EH) can be characterized as having ipsilateral and contralateral types. They are similar in that both have early and late phases of otologic symptoms and that the early phase is a profound hearing loss in one ear. The late phases differ, however, in that the ipsilateral type develops the symptoms of EH (episodic vertigo) in(More)