Harold C. Riethman

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The laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus) is an indispensable tool in experimental medicine and drug development, having made inestimable contributions to human health. We report here the genome sequence of the Brown Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality 'draft' covering over 90% of the genome. The BN rat sequence is the third complete(More)
Telomere-repeat-encoding RNA (referred to as TERRA) has been identified as a potential component of yeast and mammalian telomeres. We show here that TERRA RNA interacts with several telomere-associated proteins, including telomere repeat factors 1 (TRF1) and 2 (TRF2), subunits of the origin recognition complex (ORC), heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), histone(More)
Telomere-specific clones are a valuable resource for the characterization of chromosomal rearrangements. We previously reported a first-generation set of human telomere probes consisting of 34 genomic clones, which were a known distance from the end of the chromosome ( approximately 300 kb), and 7 clones corresponding to the most distal markers on the(More)
Colored chromosome staining patterns, termed chromosomal 'bar codes' (CBCs), were obtained on human chromosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with pools of Alu-PCR products from YAC clones containing human DNA inserts ranging from 100 kbp to 1 Mbp. In contrast to conventional G- or R-bands, the chromosomal position, extent, individual color(More)
Analysis of the telomeric region of chromosome 14q has enabled us to complete a map of the immunoglobulin VH locus which accounts for almost all VH segments known to rearrange in B-lymphocytes. The human germline VH repertoire consists of approximately 50 functional VH segments--the exact number depending on the haplotype--spanning 1,100 kilobases upstream(More)
Physical mapping data were combined with public draft and finished sequences to derive subtelomeric sequence assemblies for each of the 41 genetically distinct human telomere regions. Sequence gaps that remain on the reference telomeres are generally small,well-defined,and for the most part,restricted to regions directly adjacent to the terminal (TTAGGG)n(More)
An Anacystis nidulans R2 chlorophyll-protein associated with Photosystem II in iron-stressed cells (Pakrasi, H.B., Riethmann, H.C. and Sherman, L.A. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82, 6903-6907) has been biochemically purified and characterized. Anion exchange chromatography of dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside-solubilized membranes from iron-deficient cells was(More)
Two chlorophyll-protein complexes associated with photosystem II (PSII) of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans R2 have been detected. The larger of the two complexes, CPVI-1, contained a 71-kDa and a 42-kDa protein. The 71-kDa protein was determined to be the anchor protein of the phycobilisomes (the light-harvesting complex of A. nidulans PSII), since it(More)
Methods for the construction of yeast artificial-chromosome (YAC) clones have been designed to isolate single, large (100-1000 kb) segments of chromosomal DNA. It is apparent from early experience with this cloning system that the major artifact in YAC clones involves the formation of YACs that contain two or more unrelated pieces of DNA. Such "chimeric"(More)
Telomere deprotection occurs during tumorigenesis and aging upon telomere shortening or loss of the telomeric shelterin component TRF2. Deprotected telomeres undergo changes in chromatin structure and elicit a DNA damage response (DDR) that leads to cellular senescence. The telomeric long noncoding RNA TERRA has been implicated in modulating the structure(More)