Harold B. White

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A metabolic system composed of nucleic acid enzymes is proposed to have existed prior to the evolution of ribosomal protein synthesis. Vestiges of these nucleic acid enzymes persist in contemporary coenzymes. This proposal rationalizes the fact that many coenzymes are nucleotides or heterocyclic bases which could be derived from nucleotides.
A dimeric glycoprotein containing one FAD per approximately 80,000 Mr subunit has been isolated from chicken egg white and found to have sulfhydryl oxidase activity with a range of small molecular weight thiols. Dithiothreitol was the best substrate of those tested, with a turnover number of 1030/min, a Km of 150 microM, and a pH optimum of about 7.5.(More)
In addition to the previously characterized egg-yolk biotin-binding protein (BBP-I), we have discovered another BBP (BBP-II) in the plasma and yolk from laying hens. BBP-I is stable to 65 degrees C, whereas BBP-II is stable to 45 degrees C. Both proteins are normally saturated with biotin and together they account for most, if not all, of the biotin in hen(More)
The eggs of chickens and other birds contain two proteins that bind biotin. Both are homotetrameric proteins of similar size. In contrast to the well-characterized egg white avidin, egg yolk biotin-binding protein has a very acidic isoelectric point, binds biotin with lower affinity, and is usually saturated with biotin. Like other egg yolk proteins,(More)
White Leghorn hens were fed purified folate-deficient diets or commercial corn- and soybean meal-based diets supplemented with different amounts of folic acid. The folate contents of egg yolk and blood plasma from these hens were estimated with an isotope-dilution, radioligand-binding assay. Folates in egg yolk were concentrated approximately 43-fold(More)
Thomas Eberlein‡, Jack Kampmeier§, Vicky Minderhout¶, Richard S. Moog||, Terry Platt‡‡, Pratibha Varma-Nelson§§, and Harold B. White¶¶|||| From the School of Science, Engineering, and Technology, Pennsylvania State University-Harrisburg, Middletown, Pennsylvania 17057-4898, §Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627-0216,(More)
Biotin-binding protein has been purified 2000-fold from chicken egg yolk with a 1 to 2% yield. The puriflcation includes l-butanol extraction of yolk lipids, phosphocellulose chromatography of water-soluble proteins, affinity binding and elution from biotinylSepharose, and gel filtration chromatography. Since the protein biotin-binding sites are saturated(More)
Biotin-binding protein I (BBP-I), a protein that differs in its heat stability at low concentrations from that of BBP-II, has been purified from the yolk of hen oocytes and compared to BBP-II. Rabbit antiserum to BBP-II cross-reacts with identity to BBP-I. The molecular mass of BBP-I under denaturing conditions is about 68 kDa, a value four times that of(More)
Potentially lethal consequences can quickly occur once the mediastinum is subjected to the ravages of an anaerobic infection. Mediastinitis from odontogenic or deep cervical infections is extremely rare in the era of antibiotic drugs. We have recently encountered five such cases, with a rapid spread of the inflammatory process into the mediastinum resulting(More)
Problem-based learning, process-oriented guided inquiry learning, and peer-led team learning are student-centered, active-learning pedagogies commonly used in science education. The characteristic features of each are compared and contrasted to enable new practitioners to decide which approach or combination of approaches will suit their particular(More)