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We first describe the history and methods of membrane protein crystallization, and show how the structure of the photosynthetic reaction centre from the purple bacterium Rhodopseudomonas viridis was solved. The structure of this membrane protein complex is correlated with its function as a light-driven electron pump across the photosynthetic membrane.(More)
Flexible electronic circuits have recently gained widespread interest for numerous applications including flexible displays (electronic paper) [1,2] and wearable electronics. [3,4] Despite substantial improvements over rigid devices, current flexible electronics cannot fully conform to their surroundings, due to the inability of metals and conductive(More)
[11] is tricky, since the spin-coating solution does not wet the substrate and flies off the rotating surface. Since the OTS pattern after the lift-off technique is the inverse of the originally stamped ODT pattern, the sample in Figure 1d features macroscopically an oxide surface with printed OTS stripes on a micrometer lateral scale. Beyond the specific(More)
There are several classes of coherent phonons whose generation mechanisms are completely different: impulsive stimulated Raman scattering, Brillouin oscillations, and coherent longitudinal-acoustic-phonon Bragg reflection. All of these are investigated in Si/ SiGe superlattices using a picosecond ultrasonics technique at room temperature. Bragg reflection(More)
After this the polymer was rigid and could be peeled off carefully from the silicon master. The suspensions were prepared by adding powder to distilled water under constant stirring. The pH was always kept between 4 and 5 by dropwise adding a 2 M solution of hydrochloric acid (Titrisol, Merck, Darmstadt, Germany). Thereafter the suspensions were ball milled(More)
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