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The amniotic membrane is the innermost of the three layers forming the fetal membranes. It was first used in 1910 in skin transplantation. Thereafter it has been used in surgical procedures related to the genito-urinary tract, skin, brain, and head and neck, among others. The first documented ophthalmological application was in the 1940s when it was used in(More)
PURPOSE To define and characterize a novel pre-Descemet's layer in the human cornea. DESIGN Clinical and experimental study. PARTICIPANTS We included 31 human donor sclerocorneal discs, including 6 controls (mean age, 77.7 years). METHODS Air was injected into the stroma of donor whole globes (n = 4) and sclerocorneal discs (n = 21) as in the clinical(More)
Impression cytology refers to the application of a cellulose acetate filter to the ocular surface to remove the superficial layers of the ocular surface epithelium. These cells can then be subjected to histological, immunohistological, or molecular analysis. Proper technique is essential as the number of cells sampled can vary considerably. Generally two to(More)
PURPOSE To develop current treatment recommendations for dry eye disease from consensus of expert advice. METHODS Of 25 preselected international specialists on dry eye, 17 agreed to participate in a modified, 2-round Delphi panel approach. Based on available literature and standards of care, a survey was presented to each panelist. A two-thirds majority(More)
Stem cells have certain unique characteristics, which include longevity, high capacity of self-renewal with a long cell cycle time and a short S-phase duration, increased potential for error-free proliferation, and poor differentiation. The ocular surface is made up of two distinct types of epithelial cells, constituting the conjunctival and the corneal(More)
Stem cells have several unique attributes, the key features being their potency and plasticity. They have the ability to give rise to multiple cell lineages and to transdifferentiate into totally different cell type(s) when relocated to a novel stem cell niche. Most self-renewing tissues are served by stem cells. At the ocular surface, the corneo-scleral(More)
Defects in renewal and repair of ocular surface as a result of limbal stem cell deficiency are now known to cause varying ocular surface morbidity including persistent photophobia, repeated and persistent surface breakdown and overt conjunctivalisation of the cornea. Ocular conditions with abnormalities of ocular surface repair include pterygium, limbal(More)
We studied re-epithelialization of the ocular surface in 17 human eyes (14 patients) with large corneal and conjunctival abrasions. We focused on the healing of the limbal region. During re-epithelialization, cell movement was found to occur circumferentially along the corneoscleral limbus and centripetally from the corneoscleral limbus. In no patient did(More)
The amniotic membrane remains a useful tool in the treatment of several ophthalmic conditions, especially those related to the ocular surface. However, the 'success' reported in individual case reports and case series is not substantiated in the few published randomised controlled trials. More often than not, it is not as good as existing alternative(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy of fine needle diathermy (FND) occlusion of corneal vessels in relation to defined clinical indications. METHODS A retrospective, consecutive case series including all patients treated by FND for occlusion of corneal vessels between 2004 and 2012. Indications were lipid keratopathy, preparation for keratoplasty to reduce risk(More)