Harma J Alma

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BACKGROUND In the GOLD (Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) strategy document, the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), COPD Assessment Test (CAT), or modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale are recommended for the assessment of symptoms using the cutoff points of CCQ ≥1, CAT ≥10, and mMRC scale ≥2 to indicate symptomatic patients.(More)
S OPEN Abstracts from the 8th International Primary Care Respiratory Group (IPCRG) World Conferences from the 8th International Primary Care Respiratory Group (IPCRG) World Conference Amsterdam Rai Convention Centre, 25th–28th May 2016 CLINICAL RESEARCH RESULTS ABSTRACTS npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine (2016) 26, 16022; doi:10.1038/ npjpcrm.2016.22;(More)
The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) defines to what extent change on a health status instrument is clinically relevant, which aids scientists and physicians in measuring therapy effects. This is the first study that aimed to establish the MCID of the Clinical chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Questionnaire (CCQ), the COPD(More)
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