Harm Vitzthum

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The distribution and morphology of neurons containing allatostatin-related substances in the brain of the locust Schistocerca gregaria was investigated using an antiserum against Diploptera punctata allatostatin I (Dip-allatostatin I, APSGAQRLYGFGL-amide). In each brain hemisphere, about 550 neurons in the midbrain and 500 neurons in the optic lobe exhibit(More)
The central complex, a highly ordered neuropil area in the insect brain, plays a role in motor control and spatial orientation. To further elucidate the neurochemical architecture of this brain area, we have investigated the distribution and morphology of neurons containing locustatachykinin I/II-related substances in the central complex of the locust(More)
The central complex is a topographically ordered neuropil structure in the center of the insect brain. It consists of three major subdivisions, the upper and lower divisions of the central body and the protocerebral bridge. To further characterize the role of this brain structure, we have recorded the responses of identified neurons of the central complex(More)
The central complex is a highly organized neuropil structure in the insect brain and plays a role in motor control and visual orientation. We describe the distribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) immunostaining in the central complex of the locust Schistocerca gregaria in an effort to analyze inhibitory neural circuits within this brain area. Antisera(More)
The polarization pattern of the blue sky serves as an important reference for spatial orientation in insects. To understand the neural mechanisms involved in sky compass orientation we have analyzed the polarization vision system in the locust Schistocerca gregaria. As in other insects, photoreceptors adapted for the detection of sky polarization are(More)
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