Harm C. Arentsen

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CONTEXT Compared with standard white-light cystoscopy, photodynamic diagnosis with blue light and the photosensitiser hexaminolevulinate has been shown to improve the visualisation of bladder tumours, reduce residual tumour rates by at least 20%, and improve recurrence-free survival. There is currently no overall European consensus outlining specifically(More)
Noninvasive tests for detecting genetic or molecular alterations in urine indicative of urothelial cancer are increasingly becoming the focus of urological cancer research. Since its approval by the US FDA in 2001, the fluorescence in situ hybridization test (Vysis UroVysion) has been widely evaluated. In general, published data demonstrate better(More)
OBJECTIVES In this in vitro study, we determined whether meso-tetraphenyl chlorin disulphonate (TPCS2a)-based photochemical delivery of bleomycin was able to potentiate the cytotoxicity of bleomycin on bladder cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS The human RT4, RT112, 253J, T24, and rat AY-27 urothelial carcinoma cell lines were used. Cells were seeded in(More)
PURPOSE Imiquimod, a toll like receptor 7 (TLR-7) agonist, is effective as a topical treatment for skin malignancies. TMX-101 is a liquid formulation of imiquimod. In this study we establish a safety profile of TMX-101 in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a multicenter phase 1 dose escalation study in(More)
Bladder cancer is a major public health problem. Currently available therapeutic options seem to be unable to prevent bladder cancer recurrence and progression. To enable preclinical testing of new intravesical therapeutic agents, a suitable bladder tumor model that resembles human disease is highly desirable. The aim of this topic paper was to discuss the(More)
OBJECTIVE • To study the pharmacokinetic and toxicity profile of intravesically administered TMX-101, with its active ingredient R-837, a synthetic Toll-like receptor (TLR)-7 agonist, in a pig model. MATERIALS AND METHODS • TLR-7 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry in human and pig bladder tissue. • Four groups of six pigs received a 1-h(More)
PURPOSE We studied the safety and efficacy of multiple adjuvant apaziquone instillations in patients with high risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with high risk nonmuscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder underwent transurethral resection of all bladder tumor(s), and received 6 weekly adjuvant intravesical(More)
PURPOSE We determined the effect of protodynamic therapy against bladder cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We investigated cis-urocanic acid in rat bladder cancer cell cultures and in an orthotopic rat urothelial carcinoma model to assess its safety and antiproliferative activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS The rat bladder cancer cell line AY-27 was exposed(More)
Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer is a highly recurrent disease. The health care costs for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer are a major burden for society. Bladder cancer treatment starts with a presumed complete transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. Despite international guidelines for perioperative and/or adjuvant intravesical instillation(More)