Harisios Boudoulas

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Diastolic time (DT) is calculated as the cycle length (RR) minus electromechanical systole (QS2). The ratio of DT (RR-QS2) to RR interval times 100, or the percent diastole (%D), varies nonlinearly with heart rate (HR), increasing rapidly with decreasing HR. The effect of commonly used cardioactive agents on %D was studied in five groups of normal subjects.(More)
Symptomatic patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) frequently mimic thyrotoxicosis, hyperadrenergic states or hypoglycemia. Twenty symptomatic patients with auscultatory and echocardiographic MVP were studied in the clinical research unit. T3, T4 and plasma cortisol were normal. Patients with MVP had normal responses to oral glucose administration but(More)
Symptoms suggesting autonomic instability and increased adrenergic effect were identified in 53 patients with primary disorders of impaired wakefulness. Urine and plasma catecholamine concentrations were significantly increased in patients with sleep apnea. Excessive increases in heart rate during isoproterenol infusions suggested adrenergic(More)
A metamorphosis in the etiology of valvular heart disease (VHD) has occurred over the last 6 decades. In this review, the factors contributing to this metamorphosis, the common causes of VHD today, the relationship of valvular calcification to atherosclerosis and the interrelationship of VHD with other systems/organs are presented.
AIMS Studies have shown that erythrocyte membranes are present within necrotic cores in atherosclerotic plaques, and that circulating erythrocytes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have increased total cholesterol content (CEM). Interleukin-8 (IL-8) binds to erythrocytes and during intraplaque haemorrhage it is released into the plaque and thus(More)
Forty patients with severe angina pectoris were studied before and two weeks after saphenous vein bypass surgery (SVG) in order to assess the effect of this operation on left ventricular performance as judged by systolic time intervals (STI). The patients were divided into two groups: group I included 29 patients in whom no postoperative infarction occurred(More)
The acute effects of oral hydralazine, 1 mg/kg, on coronary vascular resistance, coronary blood flow (estimated using the coronary sinus thermodilution technique), and myocardial oxygen consumption were evaluated in 10 patients with chronic (New York Heart Association class III and IV) nonischemic congestive heart failure. Central hemodynamic responses(More)
Fourteen patients with an average of more than 60 episodes of upper airway obstruction during night sleep were treated with a nonsedating tricyclic antidepressant, protriptyline. Frequency and duration of recorded apneas decreased in 11 cases, and satisfactory control of sleep apnea was maintained with medical therapy alone in 8 of these 11 patients for 7(More)
In symptomatic mitral valve prolapse patients (MVP): (1) the frequency and nature of symptoms were analyzed (n = 313); (2) metabolic studies were performed (n = 20), and (3) the response to isoproterenol infusions were studied (n = 16). Chest pain is more often the initial symptom in men; palpitations are more common initially in women. Fatigue,(More)