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Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is entering its second decade. Three major clinical challenges have emerged from the first decade of experience: vascular complications, stroke, and paravalvular leak (PVL). Major vascular complications remain common and independently predict major bleeding, transfusion, renal failure, and mortality. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is rare and involves thrombosis of the veins and sinuses of the brain, most commonly the superior sagittal sinus. Approximately 5 CVT cases occur per 1 million persons in western countries. CVT causes 0.5% of strokes. Early diagnosis is crucial to prevent such outcomes as hydrocephalus, intracranial hypertension,(More)
Despite a half century of research and the implementation of various risk-reduction strategies among clinicians and basic scientists, patients continue to experience strokes and cognitive dysfunction related to the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for cardiac surgery. One strategy to reduce these detrimental effects has been the use of hypothermia.(More)
Recent evidence has shown that moderate mitral regurgitation is common and clinically relevant in patients presenting for surgical and transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. Prospective multicenter clinical trials are now indicated to resolve the clinical equipoise about whether or not mitral valve intervention also is indicated at the(More)
Importance Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) are a significant source of perioperative morbidity and mortality following noncardiac surgery. Objective To evaluate national trends in perioperative cardiovascular outcomes and mortality after major noncardiac surgery and to identify surgical subtypes associated with(More)
Surgical excellence in pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has begun to spread around the world. The perioperative mortality for this procedure is typically under 10%. The maximal benefit from PTE is derived in those patients who have a high proximal clot burden that is surgically accessible, as(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory failure was proposed more than 40 years ago. Despite the publication of the ARDSNet study and adoption of lung protective ventilation, the mortality for acute respiratory failure due to acute respiratory distress syndrome has continued to remain high. This technology has evolved over(More)
The role (and impact) of IT/IS in organizations is becoming more and more critical. The perception of the "role of IT/IS function in an organization" could have a direct impact on the effectiveness of development of IT capabilities. There has been no measure to date to capture this perception in an organization at the individual level. This paper reports(More)
Ketamine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate antagonist, blunts central pain sensitization at sub-anesthetic doses (0.3 mg/kg or less) and has been studied extensively as an adjunct for perioperative analgesia. At sub-anesthetic doses, ketamine has a minimal physiologic impact though it is associated with a low incidence of mild psychomimetic symptoms as well as(More)