Harish N. Ramanathan

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Cks1, a small protein whose expression is strongly associated with aggressive breast tumors, is a component of cyclin-cdk complexes, as well as the SCF(Skp2) ubiquitin ligase. In these studies, we explored its roles in estrogen receptor-positive breast tumor cells. When exposed to the antiestrogen ICI 182780, these cells accumulate in G(1) by reducing the(More)
Cks1 plays an essential role in SCFSkp2-mediated ubiquitination, and consequently turnover, of the cdk2 inhibitor and tumor supressor p27Kip1. High Cks1 expression is associated with aggressive breast tumors and correlates with low p27Kip1 levels in some cases, although it is also an independent prognostic marker for survival, and provides predictive(More)
Early endosomal autoantigen 1 (EEA1) is a membrane tethering factor required for the fusion and maturation of early endosomes in endocytosis. How the activity of EEA1 is regulated in cells is unclear. Here we show that endogenous EEA1 is prone to monoubiquitination at multiple sites, owing to an intrinsic affinity to ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2). The(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver disease worldwide. The HCV RNA genome is translated into a single polyprotein. Most of the cleavage sites in the non-structural (NS) polyprotein region are processed by the NS3/NS4A serine protease. The vital NS2-NS3 cleavage is catalyzed by the NS2 autoprotease. For efficient processing at the(More)
Many positive-strand RNA viruses encode genes that can function in trans, whereas other genes are required in cis for genome replication. The mechanisms underlying trans- and cis-preferences are not fully understood. Here, we evaluate this concept for hepatitis C virus (HCV), an important cause of chronic liver disease and member of the Flaviviridae family.(More)
The AAA (ATPase-associated with various cellular activities) ATPase p97 acts on diverse substrate proteins to partake in various cellular processes such as membrane fusion and endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). In membrane fusion, p97 is thought to function in analogy to the related ATPase NSF (N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein),(More)
Post-translational modification of proteins with ubiquitin regulates a variety of eukaryotic cellular processes. Ubiquitin can be conjugated to substrates either as a single moiety (monoubiquitination) or as isopeptide bond-linked chains (polyubiquitination), creating an array of ubiquitin signals. It has been established that monoubiquitination can serve(More)
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