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Lack of early detection and effective interventions are major factors contributing to the poor prognosis and dismal survival rates of pancreatic cancer patients for more than sixty years. Detection of pancreatic cancer at an early stage might permit life-saving intervention. Clinical and preclinical diagnosis and evaluation of pancreatic cancers involve(More)
Photosensitive dyes or photo sensitizers (PS) in combination with visible light and oxygen produce reactive oxygen species that kill cells in the process known as photodynamic therapy (PDT). Antimicrobial PDT employs PS that is selective for microbial cells and is a new treatment for infections. Most antimicrobial PS is based on tetrapyrrole or(More)
Fullerenes are a class of closed-cage nanomaterials made exclusively from carbon atoms. A great deal of attention has been focused on developing medical uses of these unique molecules especially when they are derivatized with functional groups to make them soluble and therefore able to interact with biological systems. Due to their extended pi-conjugation(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs the combination of nontoxic photosensitizers (PS) and harmless visible light to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and kill cells. Most clinically studied PS are based on the tetrapyrrole structure of porphyrins, chlorines, and related molecules, but new nontetrapyrrole PS are being sought. Fullerenes are soccer-ball(More)
Fullerenes are soccer ball-shaped molecules composed of carbon atoms, and, when derivatized with functional groups, they become soluble and can act as photosensitizers. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy combines a nontoxic photosensitizer with harmless visible light to generate reactive oxygen species that kill microbial cells. We have compared the(More)
UNLABELLED The molecular structure of p-18F-fluorohippurate (18F-PFH) is similar to that of p-aminohippurate, a gold standard for the measurement of effective renal plasma flow. The objective of this study was to investigate 18F-PFH as a new PET renal agent. METHODS 18F-PFH was synthesized by reacting N-succinimidyl-4-18F-fluorobenzoate (18F-SFB) with(More)
This report is the summary of presentations at the symposium sponsored by the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, April 26-30, at Experimental Biology 2014 in San Diego, CA. The presentations focused on the role of transporters in imaging in health and disease and on assessing transporter function in vivo. Imaging is an(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently identified p-[(18)F]fluorohippurate ([(18)F]PFH) as a potential positron emission tomography (PET) renal agent. The objective of this study was to compare renogram parameters of [(18)F]PFH with o-[(125)I]iodohippurate ([(125)I]OIH) as a surrogate for the renal imaging gold standard (131)I-OIH and with a clinically used agent(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate a new fluorine-18 labeled hippurate, m-cyano-p-[(18)F]fluorohippurate ([(18)F]CNPFH), as a potential radiopharmaceutical for evaluating renal function by PET. METHODS [(18)F]CNPFH was synthesized by a direct one-step nucleophilic aromatic substitution using an (18)F-for-[N(CH(3))(3)](+)-reaction. In(More)
A selective KGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, N-ethylamino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-quinoline-3-carboxamide, was synthesized and its possible inhibitory effects on the development of colon polyps and colorectal tumors was examined in APC(Min/+) mice, a mouse model of human intestinal familial adenomatous polyposis. The present study shows for the first time that a(More)