Haripada Maity

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Equilibrium and kinetic hydrogen exchange experiments show that cytochrome c is composed of five foldon units that continually unfold and refold even under native conditions. Folding proceeds by the stepwise assembly of the foldon units rather than one amino acid at a time. The folding pathway is determined by a sequential stabilization process; previously(More)
Previous work used hydrogen exchange (HX) experiments in kinetic and equilibrium modes to study the reversible unfolding and refolding of cytochrome c (Cyt c) under native conditions. Accumulated results now show that Cyt c is composed of five individually cooperative folding units, called foldons, which unfold and refold as concerted units in a stepwise(More)
Experiments were done to study the dynamic structural motions that determine protein hydrogen exchange (HX) behavior. The replacement of a solvent-exposed lysine residue with glycine (Lys8Gly) in a helix of recombinant cytochrome c does not perturb the native structure, but it entropically potentiates main-chain flexibility and thus can promote local(More)
Native state hydrogen exchange experiments have shown that the cytochrome c (Cyt c) protein consists of five cooperative folding-unfolding units, called foldons. These are named, in the order of increasing unfolding free energy, the nested-Yellow, Red, Yellow, Green, and Blue foldons. Previous results suggest that these units unfold in a stepwise sequential(More)
The equilibrium unfolding transitions of Cro repressor variants, dimeric variant Cro F58W and monomer Cro K56[DGEVK]F58W, have been studied by urea and guanidine hydrochloride to probe the folding mechanism. The unfolding transitions of a dimeric variant are well described by a two state process involving native dimer and unfolded monomer with a free energy(More)
Time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence measurements have been performed on monomeric and dimeric forms of yeast hexokinase-PI. Observation of similar emission spectra and fluorescence decay parameters for both the forms of the enzyme suggests that tryptophan residue(s) are not likely to be present at the subunit-subunit interface and the process of(More)
Shape equations for phospholipid vesicles including a spherical actin cortex are derived<lb>in 2 and 3 spatial dimensions. They arise from the condition of stationarity of the membrane free<lb>energy at fixed area and volume'. Numerical solutions are presented in the 2 dimensional case, while, in<lb>the more involved context of 3 dimensional shapes, the(More)
The alkaline transition of cytochrome c is a model for protein structural switching in which the normal heme ligand is replaced by another group. Stopped flow data following a jump to high pH detect two slow kinetic phases, suggesting two rate-limiting structure changes. Results described here indicate that these events are controlled by the same structural(More)
Previous results indicate that the folding pathways of cytochrome c and other proteins progressively build the target native protein in a predetermined stepwise manner by the sequential formation and association of native-like foldon units. The present work used native state hydrogen exchange methods to investigate a structural anomaly in cytochrome c(More)
The sodium perchlorate-induced conformational transition of Staphylococcal nuclease has been monitored by both circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The perchlorate-induced transition is cooperative as observed by both spectroscopic signals. However, the protein loses only about one-third of its native far-UV CD signal at high perchlorate(More)