Harini Venkataraman

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NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is an enzyme capable of reducing a broad range of chemically reactive quinones and quinoneimines (QIs) and can be strongly upregulated by Nrf2/Keap1-mediated stress responses. Several commonly used drugs implicated in adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are known to form reactive QI metabolites upon bioactivation by P450,(More)
Inversion of stereoselectivity: screening of a minimal mutant library revealed a cytochrome P450 BM3 variant M01 A82W S72I capable of producing 16 α-OH-testosterone. Remarkably, a single active site mutation S72I in M01 A82W inverted the stereoselectivity of hydroxylation from 16 β to 16 α. Introduction of S72I mutation in another 16 β-OH-selective variant(More)
In the present study, the use of Rhodococcus erythropolis mutant strain RG9 expressing the cytochrome P450 BM3 mutant M02 enzyme has been evaluated for whole-cell biotransformation of a 17-ketosteroid, norandrostenedione, as a model substrate. Purified P450 BM3 mutant M02 enzyme hydroxylated the steroid with >95 % regioselectivity to form 16-β-OH(More)
Diclofenac is a widely prescribed NSAID that causes severe idiosyncratic drug induced liver injury (IDILI) in a small part of the patient population. Formation of protein-reactive metabolites is considered to play a role in the development of diclofenac-induced IDILI. Therefore, a high hepatic activity of enzymes involved in bioactivation of diclofenac is(More)
Previously, stereoselective hydroxylation of α-ionone by Cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants M01 A82W and M11 L437N was observed. While both mutants hydroxylate α-ionone in a regioselective manner at the C3 position, M01 A82W catalyzes formation of trans-3-OH-α-ionone products whereas M11 L437N exhibits opposite stereoselectivity, producing(More)
Cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants are promising biocatalysts for the production of drug metabolites. In the present study, the ability of cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants to produce oxidative metabolites of structurally related NSAIDs meclofenamic acid, mefenamic acid and tolfenamic acid was investigated. A library of engineered P450 BM3 mutants was screened with(More)
Recent association studies suggest that genetically determined deficiencies in GSTs might be a risk factor for idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions resulting from the formation of reactive drug metabolites. hGSTP1-1 is polymorphic in the human population with a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms that yield an amino acid change in the encoded protein.(More)
Mefenamic acid (MFA) has been associated with rare but severe cases of hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, and hypersensitivity reactions that are believed to result from the formation of reactive metabolites. Although formation of protein-reactive acylating metabolites by phase II metabolism has been well-studied and proposed to be(More)
Recently, it was found that mutations in the binding cavity of drug-metabolizing Cytochrome P450 BM3 mutants can result in major changes in regioselectivity in testosterone (TES) hydroxylation. In the current work, we report the intrinsic reactivity of TES' C-H bonds and our attempts to rationalize experimentally observed changes in TES hydroxylation using(More)
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