Harinder S Hundal

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OBJECTIVE The endogenous cannabinoid (or endocannabinoid) system (ECS) is part of a central neuromodulatory system thought to play a key role in the regulation of feeding behavior and energy balance. However, increasing evidence suggests that modulation of the ECS may also act to regulate peripheral mechanisms involved in these processes, including(More)
The importance of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and protein kinase C (PKC) as effectors of metformin (Met) action on glucose uptake (GU) in skeletal muscle cells was investigated. GU in L6 myotubes was stimulated 2-fold following 16 h of Met treatment and acutely enhanced by insulin in an additive fashion. Insulin-stimulated GU was sensitive to PI3K(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained exposure of pancreatic β cells to an increase in saturated fatty acids induces pleiotropic effects on β-cell function, including a reduction in stimulus-induced insulin secretion. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic over supply of palmitate upon glucose- and amino acid-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS(More)
Glucose transport activity ([3H]D-glucose uptake) in liver sinusoidal membrane vesicles (SMVs) from hyperthyroid rats was significantly higher than that from euthyroid controls (2.1-times increase in V(max) with K(m) unchanged at approximately 18 mM), associated with increased GLUT2 expression. In contrast, glucose transport V(max) into SMVs from(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Reduced skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity is a feature associated with sustained exposure to excess saturated fatty acids (SFA), whereas mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids (MUFA and PUFA) not only improve insulin sensitivity but blunt SFA-induced insulin resistance. The mechanisms by which MUFAs and PUFAs institute these favourable(More)
Hindlimb skeletal muscles of the rat express two isoforms of the alpha (alpha 1 and alpha 2) and two isoforms of the beta (beta 1 and beta 2) subunits of the Na+,K(+)-ATPase. Because several muscles constitute the hindlimb, we investigated if specific isoforms are expressed in particular muscles. Northern blot analysis using isoform-specific cDNA probes(More)
Expression and activity of the System A/SNAT2 (SLC38A2) amino acid transporter is up-regulated by amino acid starvation and hypertonicity by a mechanism dependent on both ATF4-mediated transcription of the SLC38A2 gene and enhanced stabilization of SNAT2 itself, which forms part of an integrated cellular stress response to nutrient deprivation and osmotic(More)
BACKGROUND Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 (GSK3) activity is repressed following insulin treatment of cells. Pharmacological inhibition of GSK3 mimics the effect of insulin on Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (PEPCK), Glucose-6 Phosphatase (G6Pase) and IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP1) gene expression. CAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) regulates(More)
Iron is an indispensable micronutrient that regulates many aspects of cell function, including growth and proliferation. These processes are critically dependent upon signalling via the mammalian or mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Herein, we test whether iron depletion induced by cell incubation with the iron chelator, deferoxamine(More)
Ceramides are known to promote insulin resistance in a number of metabolically important tissues including skeletal muscle, the predominant site of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal. Depending on cell type, these lipid intermediates have been shown to inhibit protein kinase B (PKB/Akt), a key mediator of the metabolic actions of insulin, via two distinct(More)