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Neonatal lesions of the ventral hippocampus in rats lead to post- but not pre-pubertal behavioural changes suggesting adolescent onset of dopaninergic hypersensitivity and providing an animal model of schizophrenia. Neonatal exposure to glutamate receptor antogonists produces accelerated apoptosis leading to neuronal loss in central nervous system(More)
Major precipitating factors for relapse to drug use are stress and exposure to drug-related environmental stimuli. Group II (mGlu(2/3)) metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are densely expressed within circuitries mediating the motivating effects of stress and drug cues and, therefore, may participate in regulating drug-seeking linked to both of these(More)
Metabotropic glutamate 2/3 receptors (mGluR2/3) are emerging targets for the reduction of stress that contributes to drug relapse. The effect of a history of cocaine escalation on stress reactivity during abstinence and the role of mGlu2/3 receptors in stress in these animals were tested. Experiment 1-Rats trained to self-administer cocaine, under short(More)
Recent findings implicate the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and, in particular, frontocortical dopamine acting at D1-like receptors, in working memory. However, the mechanisms underlying this function of dopamine remain unknown. The present studies evaluated the hypothesis that dopamine contributes to working memory through its action on the 2nd messenger cyclic(More)
The partial dopamine D3 receptor agonist BP 897 attenuates cocaine seeking suggesting that BP 897 will attenuate conditioned activity to environmental stimuli paired with amphetamine. During conditioning, amphetamine (2.0 mg/kg) stimulated activity and co-treatment with BP 897 (1.0 mg/kg) had no effect. In the saline test, groups conditioned with(More)
In a previous study, intracerebroventricular calcium-dependent protein kinase (PKC) inhibition attenuated cocaine place conditioning. This suggested the hypothesis that intra-nucleus accumbens (NAc) injections of the PKC inhibitor NPC 15437 may block place conditioning produced by NAc injections of amphetamine. An unbiased conditioned place preference(More)
Recent studies have shown that both systemic and intra-nucleus accumbens (NAc) or intra-amygdala administration of dopamine D3 receptor ligands modulate reward-related learning. A previous study (H. Aujla, H. Sokoloff, & R. J. Beninger. 2002) showed that systemic administration of the partial dopamine D3 receptor agonist BP 897 selectively blocked the(More)
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) has been implicated in autonomic and hormonal reactions to fearful stimuli, but its role in behavioral reactions to these stressors is less clear. This is puzzling, because 2 closely related areas, the septum and the amygdala, have been repeatedly implicated in fear behaviors. To investigate further, the(More)
Growing evidence suggests a role for sigma(1) (sigma(1)) receptors in cognitive function, anxiety, depression, regulation of stress responses, and, recently, the appetitive effects of cocaine as measured by conditioned place preference. This study was designed to extend understanding of the role of sigma(1) receptors in addiction-relevant conditioned(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to re-examine intragastric ethanol intubation as a dependence induction method that effectively induces physical dependence upon ethanol over a short time period, is devoid of intrinsic stress artifacts, inexpensive, and easy to implement. METHODS Male Wistar rats were subjected to ethanol dependence induction via(More)