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It is well accepted that the accommodation system is characterized by steady-state errors in focus. The purpose of this study was to correlate these errors with changes in ocular wavefront aberration and corresponding image quality when accommodating. A wavefront analyzing system, the Complete Ophthalmic Analysis System (COAS), was used in conjunction with(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, instruments for the measurement of wavefront aberration in the living human eye have been widely available for clinical applications. Despite the extensive background experience on wavefront sensing for research purposes, the information derived from such instrumentation in a clinical setting should not be considered a priori precise.(More)
PURPOSE To measure the rigidity coefficient of a large number of subjects at clinically encountered intraocular pressures (IOPs) and to examine the possible correlation of ocular rigidity with other factors, such as the age of the patients, ocular parameters (axial length and corneal thickness), and pathologic conditions affecting the eye. METHODS The(More)
The point spread function (PSF) of the human eye spans over a wide angular distribution where the central part is associated mostly to optical aberrations while the peripheral zones are associated to light scattering. There is a plethora of optical methods for the direct and indirect measurements of the central part of the PSF as a result of monochromatic(More)
PURPOSE Corneal biomechanical properties are usually measured by strip extensiometry or inflation methods. We developed a two-dimensional (2D) flap extensiometry technique, combining the advantages of both methods, and applied it to measure the effect of UV-Riboflavin cross-linking (CXL). METHODS Corneal flaps (13 pig/8 rabbit) from the de-epithelialized(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have shown a negative correlation between axial length (AL) and pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF). This relation has been questioned because of the possible confounding effect of ocular volume on ocular rigidity (OR). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between AL, as a surrogate parameter for ocular volume,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of Tono-Pen XL in measuring IOP during the application of a suction ring in rabbit eyes with manometrically controlled IOP. METHODS Tono-Pen XL was calibrated against direct manometry in 10 rabbit eyes. A suction ring was then applied in 4 rabbit eyes and the IOP was determined manometrically(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to characterize the pressure-volume relation in the living human eye, measure the ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), and calculate the corresponding pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) in a range of clinically relevant IOP levels. METHODS Fifty patients with cataract (50 eyes) were enrolled in the study. After cannulation(More)
PURPOSE To compare ocular rigidity (OR) and outflow facility (C) coefficients in medically treated open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients and controls, and to investigate differences in ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) and pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) between the two groups. METHODS Twenty-one OAG patients and 21 controls undergoing cataract surgery were(More)
PURPOSE Ocular straylight is the combined effect of light scattering in the optical media and the diffuse reflectance from the various fundus layers. The aim of this work was to employ an optical technique to measure straylight at different wavelengths and to identify the optimal conditions for visually relevant optical measurements of straylight. METHODS(More)