Harijani Marwoto

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We surveyed adults in a randomly selected sample of 1,000 households in 50 villages in nine malarial sub-districts in Purworejo, central Java, Indonesia from May to July 2001. The survey assessed malaria knowledge, attitudes, and practices in communities experiencing epidemic malaria to begin exploring broad strategies for controlling the disease in the(More)
After more than 50 years of effective management, resurgent malaria threatens residents in the Menoreh Hills and the foothills of the Dieng Plateau of Central Java, Indonesia. The Dieng Plateau dominates the highland center of Central Java. The steep Menoreh Hills, surrounded by rice paddy habitats, cover approximately 500 km2 with no peaks greater than(More)
A recent malaria epidemic in the Menoreh Hills of Central Java has increased concern about the re-emergence of endemic malaria on Java, which threatens the island's 120 million residents. A 28-day, in-vivo test of the efficacy of treatment of malaria with antimalarial drugs was conducted among 167 villagers in the Menoreh Hills. The treatments investigated,(More)
Immune responses directed at glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors of Plasmodium falciparum may offer protection against symptomatic malaria. To independently explore the effect of age on generation of the anti-GPI IgG response, we measured serum anti-GPI IgGs in a longitudinal cohort of migrant Javanese children (6-12 years old) and adults (> or = 20(More)
The clinical and parasitological characteristics of the first naturally acquired malarial infection have rarely been documented in humans. When 243 migrants from non-endemic Java were followed from the day of their arrival in Indonesian Papua, 217 (89%) were found to become infected with Plasmodium falciparum and/or P. vivax before they were lost to(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship among age, parasitemia status, spleen size, hematocrit, and antibody levels to Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1) in individuals chronically exposed to P. vivax. Subjects were recruited from the population of three adjacent villages on the Island of Flores in Indonesia where malaria(More)
We compared placebo and dexamethasone (initial dose, 3 mg/kg; total, 11.4 mg/kg per 48 h) in a double-blind trial involving 10 stuporous and 28 comatose patients with cerebral malaria. Patients were 18 mo to 42 y of age (geometric mean, 10.2 y), and the 19 patients in each group were comparable on admission. All patients received intravenous quinine(More)
We evaluated the potential value of a cloned sequence of genomic DNA of Brugia malayi as a species-specific probe. Clone pBm 15 reacted with all stages of 8 different geographic isolates of B. malayi and cross-hybridized with microfilariae of B. timori. It did not hybridize with Wuchereria bancrofti or with B. pahangi, W. kalimantani, Dirofilaria repens,(More)
Immunity to falciparum malaria was compared in two populations from malarious areas of southern Sudan and Flores, Indonesia. In Sudan, splenomegaly in adults was rare and anti-plasmodium indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) titers were low to moderate, 1:1,280 being the modal titer. Sudanese serum was profoundly inhibitory to cultured Plasmodium falciparum,(More)
Blood from 9 humans, 6 domestic cats (Felis domesticus), and 5 silvered leaf monkeys (Presbytis cristatus) from South Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia, with known filarial infections was examined for determination ofacid phosphatase activity of the microfilarae (mff). The findings suggest 1) that Brugia parasites from domestic cats and silvered leaf monkeys(More)