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STUDY OBJECTIVE Morbid obesity is associated with significant comorbidities. Desflurane has a low fat-blood solubility coefficient and may be better suited in this population to achieve a rapid emergence; however, sevoflurane has favorable cardiorespiratory properties that might also prove advantageous in the morbidly obese (MO) patient. This study used(More)
Ultrasound energy exerts important cellular, genetic, thermal, and mechanical effects. Concern about the safety of ultrasound prompted several agencies to devise regulatory limits on the machine output intensities. The visual display of thermal and mechanical indices during ultrasound imaging provides an aid to limit the output of the machine. Despite many(More)
BACKGROUND Desflurane and sevoflurane have markedly different pungencies. The tested hypothesis was that patients breathing equivalent concentrations of desflurane or sevoflurane through a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) would have similar responses. METHODS After institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained, 60 patients were(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform a topical review of the published literature on painful neuromas. METHODS A MEDLINE search was performed using the MESH terms "neuroma", "pain", "diagnosis", and "treatment" for all dates. RESULTS Acoustic neuromas and intraabdominal neuromas were excluded from a total of 7616 articles. The reference lists from these articles were(More)
Sufentanil is a potent opioid that occasionally has been associated with hypotension. The mechanism behind this hypotension is unclear. We hypothesized that sufentanil had a direct effect on vascular smooth muscle to cause vasodilation. Sufentanil was infused into the brachial artery of 10 young, healthy volunteers at rates of 0.083, 0.167, 0.333, and 0.833(More)
INTRODUCTION Steroid injection around the intercostal nerves is one of the treatment options for intercostal neuralgia. The technique may be performed blindly, under fluoroscopic guidance (FSG) or with the use of ultrasound guidance (USG). This study is a retrospective comparison of image guidance for intercostal steroid injections. METHODS After(More)
INTRODUCTION Ultrasound imaging has gained acceptance in pain management interventions. Features of myofascial pain syndrome have been explored using ultrasound imaging and elastography. There is a paucity of reports showing the benefit clinically. This report provides three-dimensional features of taut bands and highlights the advantages of using(More)
Ultrasound guidance for pain interventions is becoming increasing recognized as a useful imaging tool. One of the common interventions where it is gaining wider acceptance is during the performance of a stellate ganglion block. The following is a unique report where intravascular and neuronal injury occurred during the performance of an ultrasound guided(More)
The anesthetic management of the MO patient requires an important focus on a number of issues beginning with a careful preoperative evaluation and synthesizing pre-existing disease processes with the anesthetic management plan. The common misperception that all MO patients are "full stomach" has been challenged and may be a nonissue. New approaches to(More)
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a frequent diagnosis in chronic pain and is characterized by tender, taut bands known as trigger points. The trigger points are painful areas in skeletal muscle that are associated with a palpable nodule within a taut band of muscle fibers. Despite the prevalence of myofascial pain syndrome, diagnosis is based on clinical(More)