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—High-capacity NAND flash memory can achieve high density storage by using multi-level cells (MLC) to store more than one bit per cell. Although this larger storage capacity is certainly beneficial, the increased density also increases the raw bit error rate (BER), making powerful error correction coding necessary. Traditional flash memories employ simple(More)
—Multiple reads of the same Flash memory cell with distinct word-line voltages provide enhanced precision for LDPC decoding. In this paper, the word-line voltages are optimized by maximizing the mutual information (MI) of the quantized channel. The enhanced precision from a few additional reads allows frame error rate (FER) performance to approach that of(More)
This paper presents the application of Differential Quadrature Method (DQM) for finding the numerical solution of singularly perturbed two point boundary value problems with mixed condition. This method is based on the approximation of the derivatives of the unknown functions involved in the differential equations at the mess point of the solution domain.(More)
Elimination of tuberculosis (TB) largely depends upon definitive rapid diagnosis and treatment. Widely used diagnostic tests do not qualify for use in a developing country due to lack of either desired accuracy or their cost. In the present study an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to evaluate the diagnostic potential of an immuno-dominant(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), a major health problem that leads to 1.5 million deaths annually. Host genetic factors play a significant role in disease resistance/susceptibility by altering immunity against MTB. Toll-like receptor (TLR) sensors such as TLR2, TLR4, TLR8, and TLR9 are known to play a(More)
This paper investigates the application of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes to Flash memories. Multiple cell reads with distinct word-line voltages provide limited-precision soft information for the LDPC decoder. The values of the word-line voltages (also called reference voltages) are optimized by maximizing the mutual information (MI) between the(More)
This paper discuss the theory behind differential phase shift keying (DPSK) and differential quadrature phase shift keying (DQPSK) modulation formats and explains in detail how to implement a DQPSK experimental setup , using Inphi's 2514DZ differential Mach-Zender (MZ) driver.
Malondialdehyde (MDA) is widely used as oxidative stress biomarker in biomedical research. Plasma is stored in deep freezers generally till analysis. Effect of such storage on MDA values, which may be variable and prolong, was incidentally observed in the ongoing study which is to estimate oxidative stress with oral iron. Plasma from blood samples of(More)