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Tumour development and progression involves the expression of oncogenes and inactivation of tumour suppressor genes, leading to the appearance of multiple malignant characteristics. Malignant melanoma cells express different growth factors and cytokines and their receptors in respective stages of tumour progression, which by autocrine and paracrine effects(More)
Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) is the third most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and is probably involved in the development of certain chronic inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis and adult-onset asthma. Histamine, synthesized by histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from L-histidine, plays an essential role in(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a currently incurable disease caused by the proliferation of malignant plasma cells. Although the pathogenesis of the disease still remains unclear, recent research in the biology of MM has produced new insights into the factors that control the growth and survival of myeloma cells. Among the growth factors, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has(More)
Interleukin-6 is an autocrine growth factor in advanced stage melanoma and biosynthesis of IL-6 is increased by histamine in various cell lines. In our study we analysed the direct relation of histamine and IL-6 synthesis in human melanoma cell lines. All melanoma cells contained IL-6 mRNA, but only metastatic melanoma cells secreted the IL-6 protein. The(More)
Histamine has been implicated as one of the mediators involved in regulation of proliferation in both normal and neoplastic tissues. Histidine decarboxylase, the only enzyme that catalyzes the formation of histamine from L-histidine, is an essential regulator of histamine levels. In this study, we investigated the gene and protein expression of histidine(More)
Evidence indicates that repeated-bouts of eccentric exercise (EE) do not exacerbate the extent of muscle damage indices, as compared to a single-bout. We hypothesized that molecular adaptations, under repeated-bouts of EE, would include suppression of muscle repair inhibitory factors such as myostatin and up-regulation of muscle repair positive regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND Ets-1 controls the expression of critical genes involved in matrix remodeling. The matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) are typical ets-1 responsive genes. Recent studies have shown an increase in histamine synthesis and content in various human neoplasias. We hypothesized that the increased local(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a bifunctional growth factor in malignant melanoma; its expression increases during the malignant progression of the disease. Histamine, detected in large amounts in normal and pathological proliferating tissues, is an important paracrine and autocrine regulator of normal and tumour cell proliferation as well. MATERIALS(More)
Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) enzyme and its function under hormonal influences were studied in a low level of phylogeny. HDC protein is present in the unicellular ciliate Tetrahymena and its expression was not altered by insulin or histamine treatment. Starvation for 24 h enormously decreased the quantity of histamine in the cells. However, insulin(More)
The unicellular ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis was treated with different concentrations of insulin or histamine and at different time points the cell density was measured, using a tetrazolium-based semiautomated colorimetric assay (MTT). The assay was suitable to determine the rate of cell proliferation of Tetrahymena. Insulin in each concentration(More)