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Tumour development and progression involves the expression of oncogenes and inactivation of tumour suppressor genes, leading to the appearance of multiple malignant characteristics. Malignant melanoma cells express different growth factors and cytokines and their receptors in respective stages of tumour progression, which by autocrine and paracrine effects(More)
Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) is the third most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and is probably involved in the development of certain chronic inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis and adult-onset asthma. Histamine, synthesized by histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from L-histidine, plays an essential role in(More)
In the present study, the impact of acquired neoplastic L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC) expression, and its direct consequence, the release of histamine in the tumor environment, was assessed on melanoma tumor progression. B16-F10 mouse melanoma cells were manipulated via stable transfection, and nine novel transgenic variants were generated in triplicates,(More)
Histamine has been implicated as one of the mediators involved in regulation of proliferation in both normal and neoplastic tissues. Histidine decarboxylase, the only enzyme that catalyzes the formation of histamine from L-histidine, is an essential regulator of histamine levels. In this study, we investigated the gene and protein expression of histidine(More)
Evidence indicates that repeated-bouts of eccentric exercise (EE) do not exacerbate the extent of muscle damage indices, as compared to a single-bout. We hypothesized that molecular adaptations, under repeated-bouts of EE, would include suppression of muscle repair inhibitory factors such as myostatin and up-regulation of muscle repair positive regulatory(More)
Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) is expressed by the cells of melanoma, in which the histamine content tends to be relatively high. This study shows that elevated expression of HDC was found by western blot analysis of primary and metastatic melanoma tissue using a polyclonal HDC specific antibody. The specificity of anti-HDC antibody was confirmed by(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a currently incurable disease caused by the proliferation of malignant plasma cells. Although the pathogenesis of the disease still remains unclear, recent research in the biology of MM has produced new insights into the factors that control the growth and survival of myeloma cells. Among the growth factors, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose radiation-induced blood-brain barrier breakdown contributes to acute radiation toxicity syndrome and delayed brain injury, but there are few data on the effects of low dose cranial irradiation. Our goal was to measure blood-brain barrier changes after low (0.1 Gy), moderate (2 Gy) and high (10 Gy) dose irradiation under in vivo and in(More)
Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) enzyme and its function under hormonal influences were studied in a low level of phylogeny. HDC protein is present in the unicellular ciliate Tetrahymena and its expression was not altered by insulin or histamine treatment. Starvation for 24 h enormously decreased the quantity of histamine in the cells. However, insulin(More)