Haresh S. Ved

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Huperzine A (HUP-A), first isolated from the Chinese club moss Huperzia serrata, is a potent, reversible and selective inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) over butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) (Life Sci. 54: 991-997). Because HUP-A has been shown to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, is more stable than the carbamates used as pretreatments for(More)
We investigated the dose-response and time-course of c-fos antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASO) treatment against excitatory amino acid (EAA)-induced neurotoxicity in rat hippocampal neurons. Glutamate (in vitro) or NMDA (in vivo) produced significant neuronal degeneration. Neuroprotection produced by 30 min or 4 h pretreatment with c-fos ASO in cultured(More)
Huperzine A (Hup A) is under investigation as a treatment of Alzheimer's disease because of its properties of reversible and specific AChE inhibition. It has additional interesting pharmacological effects such as the protection of primary neuronal cells isolated from embryonic rat brains from glutamate-induced toxicity. We have isolated a new compound which(More)
Huperzine a, a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease, inhibits acetylcholinesterase in primary cultures derived from forebrain, hippocampus, cortex and cerebellum of embryonic rat brain. Glutamate induces cell death in cultures from all these brain regions. Maximum cell toxicity was observed in cerebellar cultures. Pretreatment of cell(More)
Cultures highly enriched in neurons obtained from embryonic mouse cerebra were used to demonstrate that: (1) at the optimum concentration of 10(-8) M retinoic acid stimulated the neurons to produce axon- and dendrite-like structures as determined by phase contrast and fluorescent microscopy; (2) the same concentration of retinoic acid stimulated acetyl(More)
Treatment of Streptococcus faecium ATCC 9790 with 3.5 micrograms/ml of dodecylglycerol produces a nonwall entity found in the 25,000 X g supernatant cell fraction which activates the autolysin activity of S. faecium. The stimulation of the autolysin activity by dodecylglycerol mimics the activation of the autolysin from a latent to an active form by trypsin(More)
Primary cultures enriched in neurons dissociated from embryonic rat cerebra were used to demonstrate that platelet activating factor and the structurally related ether glycerolipid, dodecylglycerol, are readily taken up in small amounts by neurons and that they stimulate the differentiation of neurons. The stimulation of neuronal differentiation was(More)
Primary cultures enriched in neurons dissociated from embryonic rat cerebral cortex, cerebellum, or hippocampus were treated in a chemically defined serum-free media with either vehicle, dodecylglycerol (DDG, 3 microM), or glutamate (75 microM), or preincubated with DDG for 4 or 24 h, and further incubated with glutamate. Their morphological and biochemical(More)
Dodecylglycerol has a minimum inhibitory concentration of 4 micrograms/ml compared to 9 micrograms/ml for monolaurin (dodecanoylglycerol) with Streptococcus faecium ATCC 9790 as the test organism. The greater potency of dodecylglycerol can be correlated to its greater retention by the cell. Gram-positive bacteria were more susceptible than Gram-negative(More)
Sinefungin, a known inhibitor of protein methylation, inhibited the myelin basic protein (arginine) methyltransferase activity in homogenates of cultured cerebral cells from embryonic mice. Fifty percent inhibition was achieved with 25 microM sinefungin. Electron microscopic examination of the myelin fraction, isolated by gradient density centrifugation and(More)