Hardi Luehrs

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High-mobility-group proteins A1 (HMGA1; previously named HMGI/Y) function as architectural chromatin-binding proteins and are involved in the transcriptional regulation of several genes. We have used cells expressing proteins fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to analyze the distribution and(More)
Low-digestible carbohydrates represent a class of enzyme-resistant saccharides that have specific effects on the human gastrointestinal tract. in the small bowel, they affect nutrient digestion and absorption, glucose and lipid metabolism and protect against known risk factors of cardiovascular disease. In the colon they are mainly degraded by anaerobic(More)
BACKGROUND In ulcerative colitis (UC) the activation (i.e. nuclear translocation) of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) is an important step in the regulation of cytokines secreted by lamina propria macrophages. Clinical trials suggest anti-inflammatory effects of locally administered butyrate in UC. The potential effects of butyrate on NF-kappaB activation(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Short chain fatty acids (SCFA) exert profound effects on the colonic mucosa. In particular, SCFA modulate mucosal immune functions. The antimicrobial cathelicidin LL-37 is expressed by colon epithelial cells. In the present study the effect of SCFA on LL-37 expression was investigated. METHODS LL-37 expression in vivo was assessed by(More)
Src family tyrosine kinases participate in the regulation of cell adhesion, cell growth and differentiation. Here, we examine for the first time the potential role of Src for growth regulation of human pancreatic carcinoma cells. By immunohistochemical analysis, Src was overexpressed in 13/13 pancreatic carcinoma tissue but not in 6 normal pancreatic tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte recruitment to areas of inflammation depends on Integrin-VCAM/ICAM interaction. Blocking the vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) and the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) may have therapeutic benefit for the inflammatory component of bowel disease. Notably, the induction of ICAM and VCAM is mediated by a nuclear factor(More)
UNLABELLED Histone-deacetylase (HDAC) -inhibitors enhance acetylation of core proteins and this is linked to formation of transcriptionally active chromatin in various cells. In this study, the effect of HDAC inhibitors (butyrate, trichostatin A (TSA)) on the expression of the cathelicidin LL-37 in colon, gastric and hepatocellular cells was investigated.(More)
The polyol isomalt (Palatinit) is a well established sugar replacer. The impact of regular isomalt consumption on metabolism and parameters of gut function in nineteen healthy volunteers was examined in a randomised, double-blind, cross-over trial with two 4-week test periods. Volunteers received 30 g isomalt or 30 g sucrose daily as part of a controlled(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Microsatellite instability (MSI) is characterized by the size variation of microsatellites in tumor DNA as compared to matching normal DNA due to defects in the mismatch repair system. To examine the chromosomal differences in microsatellite-stable (MSS) and -unstable (MSI) tumors in detail, we analyzed MSS (Caco-2, Colo-205, SW948) and(More)