Learn More
Desert ants, Cataglyphis fortis, search for a repeatedly visited food source by employing a combined olfactory and anemotactic orientation strategy (in addition to their visually based path-integration scheme). This behaviour was investigated by video-tracking consecutive foraging trips of individually marked ants under a variety of experimental conditions,(More)
Desert ants, Cataglyphis, navigate in their vast desert habitat by path integration. They continuously integrate directions steered (as determined by their celestial compass) and distances traveled, gauged by as-yet-unknown mechanisms. Here we test the hypothesis that navigating ants measure distances traveled by using some kind of step integrator, or "step(More)
The three inhibitory motoneurons supplying crayfish thoracic limbs were identified, stained, and compared structurally. The inhibitors to the walking leg muscles (in Orconectes) were identified anatomically by a combination of immunocytochemical staining for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or glutamate decarboxylase and differential backfill staining with(More)
Pymetrozine is a neuroactive insecticide but its site of action in the nervous system is unknown. Based on previous studies of symptoms in the locust, the feedback loop controlling the femur-tibia joint of the middle leg was chosen to examine possible targets of the insecticide. The femoral chordotonal organ, which monitors joint position and movement,(More)
1. In the locust, Locusta migratoria, the roles of two groups of wing sense organs, hind wing tegulae and wing-hinge stretch receptors, in the generation of the flight motor pattern were investigated. A preparation was employed that allowed the intracellular recording of neural activity in almost intact tethered flying locusts or after selective(More)
The sensory system plays a key role in the generation of behavior by providing the nervous system with information about the environment and feedback about body movements such that motor output can continuously be adapted to changing circumstances. Although the effects of sensory organs on nervous system function have been demonstrated in many systems, the(More)
North African desert ants, Cataglyphis fortis, use path integration as their primary means of navigation. The ants also use landmarks when these are available to improve navigation accuracy. Extended landmarks, such as walls and channels, may serve further functions, for example, local guidance or triggering of local vectors. The roles of such structures(More)
In formicine ants, the hair fields associated with the neck and the petiole (alitrunk-petiole and petiole-gaster joints) have long been established to function in graviception. Here, we examine a possible role of these hair receptors in three-dimensional (3-D) path integration of the (formicine) desert ant, Cataglyphis fortis. Cataglyphis judge the ground(More)
In the new debate on arthropod phylogeny, structure and development of the nervous system provide important arguments. The architecture of the brain of Hexapoda, Crustacea and Chelicerata in recent years has been thoroughly compared against an evolutionary background. However, comparative aspects of the nervous systems in these taxa at the cellular level(More)