Harald Steiner

Learn More
Inhibition of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) production by blocking gamma-secretase activity is at present one of the most promising therapeutic strategies to slow progression of Alzheimer's disease pathology. gamma-secretase inhibitors apparently block Abeta generation via interference with presenilin (PS) function. Besides being an essential component of(More)
gamma-Secretase is a membrane protein complex with an unusual aspartyl protease activity that catalyses the regulated intramembranous cleavage of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) to release the Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) and the APP intracellular domain (AICD). Here we show the reconstitution of gamma-secretase(More)
Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is generated by the consecutive cuts of two membrane-bound proteases. Beta-secretase cuts at the N terminus of the Abeta domain, whereas gamma-secretase mediates the C-terminal cut. Recent evidence suggests that the presenilin (PS) proteins, PS1 and PS2, may be gamma-secretases. Because PSs principally exist as high molecular(More)
The intramembranous gamma-secretase cleavage of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) is dependent on biologically active presenilins (PS). Notch also undergoes a similar PS-dependent gamma-secretase-like cleavage, resulting in the liberation of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD), which is critically required for developmental signal transduction.(More)
The Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated presenilin (PS) proteins are required for the gamma-secretase cleavages of the beta-amyloid precursor protein and the site 3 (S3) protease cleavage of Notch. These intramembrane cleavages release amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta), including the pathogenic 42-aa variant (Abeta(42)), as well as the beta-amyloid precursor(More)
Regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) controls the communication between cells and the extracellular environment. RIP is essential in the nervous system, but also in other tissues. In the RIP process, a membrane protein typically undergoes two consecutive cleavages. The first one results in the shedding of its ectodomain. The second one occurs within(More)
We report a structural and functional analysis of the PMR2 gene cluster in yeast. We found that several strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae contain multiple PMR2 genes repeated in tandem, whereas most phylogenetically related yeasts appear to possess only a single PMR2 gene. This unusual tandem array of nearly identical genes encodes putative ion pumps(More)
γ-Secretase is a membrane protein complex with an unusual aspartyl protease activity that catalyses the regulated intramembranous cleavage of the β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) to release the Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) and the APP intracellular domain (AICD). Here we show the reconstitution of γ-secretase activity in the(More)
Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
We have isolated a high copy suppressor of a temperature-sensitive mutation in ATM1, which codes for an ABC transporter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria. The suppressor, termed BAT1, encodes a protein of 393 amino acid residues with an NH2-terminal extension that directs Bat1p to the mitochondrial matrix. A highly homologous protein, Bat2p, of 376(More)