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We demonstrate the long-distance transmission of an ultrastable optical frequency derived directly from a state-of-the-art optical frequency standard. Using an active stabilization system we deliver the frequency via a 146-km-long underground fiber link with a fractional instability of 3 x 10(-15) at 1 s, which is close to the theoretical limit for our(More)
We describe the use of fiber Brillouin amplification (FBA) for the coherent transmission of optical frequencies over a 480 km long optical fiber link. FBA uses the transmission fiber itself for efficient, bi-directional coherent amplification of weak signals with pump powers around 30 mW. In a test setup we measured the gain and the achievable(More)
Optical clocks show unprecedented accuracy, surpassing that of previously available clock systems by more than one order of magnitude. Precise intercomparisons will enable a variety of experiments, including tests of fundamental quantum physics and cosmology and applications in geodesy and navigation. Well-established, satellite-based techniques for(More)
We present a new evaluation of an 87 Sr optical lattice clock using spin polarized atoms. The frequency of the 1 S0 → 3 P0 clock transition is found to be 429 228 004 229 873.6 Hz with a fractional accuracy of 2.6 × 10 −15 , a value that is comparable to the frequency difference between the various primary standards throughout the world. This measurement is(More)
Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers are ideal comb generators for optical frequency metrology. We compare two fiber frequency combs by measuring an optical frequency independently with both combs and comparing their results. The two frequency measurements agree within 6x10-16. This is to our knowledge the first direct comparison between two fiber based(More)
We developed a novel technique for frequency measurement and synthesis, based on the operation of a femtosecond comb generator as transfer oscillator. The technique can be used to measure frequency ratios of any optical signals throughout the visible and near-infrared part of the spectrum. Relative uncertainties of 10(-18) for averaging times of 100 s are(More)
We have measured the frequency of the extremely narrow 1S-2S two-photon transition in atomic hydrogen using a remote cesium fountain clock with the help of a 920 km stabilized optical fiber. With an improved detection method we obtain f(1S-2S)=2466 061 413 187 018 (11)  Hz with a relative uncertainty of 4.5×10(-15), confirming our previous measurement(More)
We present a highly versatile approach to the application of femtosecond Er:fiber lasers in optical frequency metrology. Our concept relies on the implementation of two parallel amplifiers, seeded by a single master oscillator. With the comb spacing locked to a frequency of 100 MHz, we apply the output from the first amplifier to generate a feedback signal(More)
The comparison of different atomic transition frequencies over time can be used to determine the present value of the temporal derivative of the fine structure constant alpha in a model-independent way without assumptions on constancy or variability of other parameters, allowing tests of the consequences of unification theories. We have measured an optical(More)
An optical frequency standard based on an ensemble of neutral calcium atoms laser-cooled to 12 µK has been realized. By using ultracold atoms, one major previous source of uncertainty, the residual Doppler effect, was reduced. We show that cold collisions contribute a negligible amount to the uncertainty. The influence of a temporal evolution of the phase(More)