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Expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) structural proteins requires the presence of the viral trans-activator protein Rev. Rev is localized in the nucleus and binds specifically to the Rev response element (RRE) sequence in viral RNA. Furthermore, the interaction of the Rev activation domain with a cellular cofactor is essential for Rev(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the widely accepted view that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder represent independent illnesses and modes of inheritance, some data in the literature suggest that the diseases may share some genetic susceptibility. The objective of our analyses was to search for vulnerability loci for the two disorders. METHODS A genomewide map of 388(More)
BACKGROUND An association between schizophrenia and the T102C polymorphism of the gene for 5-hydroxytryptamine type 2a (5-HT2a) receptor has been reported; the proportion of allele 2 of this polymorphism is higher than expected among schizophrenic patients. We looked for an association between schizophrenia and this variant of the 5-HT2a-receptor gene in a(More)
Serotonergic mechanisms are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). The expression of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is regulated in part by an insertion/deletion polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene promoter region (5-HTTLPR). The 5-HTTLPR short allele (s) has been associated with(More)
CACNA1H was evaluated in a resource of Caucasian European patients with childhood absence epilepsy by linkage analysis and typing of sequence variants previously identified in Chinese patients. Linkage analysis of 44 pedigrees provided no evidence for a locus in the CACNA1H region and none of the Chinese variants were found in 220 unrelated patients.
In the present study, the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia (TD) in chronic schizophrenia patients was investigated in relation to pharmacogenetic polymorphisms. It is known that the metabolism of important neuroleptic drugs is influenced by polymorphisms of the CYP2D6 gene, which encodes the cytochrome P450 enzyme debrisoquine/spartein hydroxylase.(More)
This 6-week, open-label, multicenter study evaluated the efficacy and safety of quetiapine in combination with citalopram in adult patients (n=25) with ICD-10/DSM-IV unipolar psychotic depression. The primary endpoint was change from baseline to Week 6 in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D-21) score. Secondary endpoints were change from baseline to(More)
BACKGROUND A polymorphism in the serotonin transporter promoter gene region (5-HTTLPR) has been shown to influence the quantity of serotonin transporter expressed in human cell lines: the 5-HTTLPR short allele (s) has been associated with reduced 5-HTT expression when compared to cells carrying the 5-HTTLPR long allele (l). We performed a single photon(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE) is considered to have a predominantly, perhaps exclusively, genetic background. To date, genes responsible for susceptibility to CAE have not been identified. The object of the present study was to test association between CAE and the genes encoding the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type-A receptor subunits alpha(More)
Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is an idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE) characterised by typical absence seizures manifested by transitory loss of awareness with 2.5-4 Hz spike-wave complexes on ictal EEG. A genetic component to the aetiology is well recognised but the mechanism of inheritance and the genes involved are yet to be fully established. A(More)