Learn More
The in-situ detection of interstellar dust grains in the Solar System by the dust instruments on-board the Ulysses and Galileo spacecraft as well as the recent measurements of hyperbolic radar meteors give information on the properties of the interstellar solid particle population in the solar vicinity. Especially the distribution of grain masses is(More)
A dust cloud of Ganymede has been detected by in-situ measurements with the dust detector onboard the Galileo spacecraft. The dust grains have been sensed at altitudes below five Ganymede radii (Ganymede radius = 2, 635 km). Our analysis identifies the particles in the dust cloud surrounding Ganymede by their impact direction, impact velocity, and mass(More)
This paper describes the development and application of a Parametric Model at Canadian National Railway (CN) for use in rail capacity planning. The Parametric Capacity Model is a practical tool used to help improve track asset utilization through the measurement and monitoring of system track capacity. Understanding capacity is essential for determining the(More)
ISOPHOT covers the largest wavelength range on ISO from 2.5 to 240 m. Its scientific capabilities include multi-filter and multi-aperture photometry, polarimetry, imaging and spectrophotometry. All modes can optionally include a focal plane chopper. The backbone of the photometric calibration are internal standard sources checked against celestial primary(More)
A panel of individuals with expertise in the railroad industry provides an overview of Simulation within the Railroad Environment. The panelists discuss their work and highlight the issues, challenges, and benefits associated with application of simulation models. Topics presented are;• Model Development, the issues and challenges.• Role of(More)
Tenuous dust clouds of Jupiter's Galilean moons Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have been detected with the in-situ dust detector on board the Galileo spacecraft. The majority of the dust particles have been sensed at altitudes below five radii of these lunar-sized satellites. We identify the particles in the dust clouds surrounding the moons by their(More)
Dust pervades the Solar System, and is concentrated in the ring systems surrounding the giant planets and along the plane of the planetary orbits (the Zodiacal cloud). Individual dust grains are thought to be generated when impacts loft material from larger bodies 20,21,23–27 , such as satellites. Uncertainties in theoretical models of this ejection process(More)
Saturn's moon Rhea had been considered massive enough to retain a thin, externally generated atmosphere capable of locally affecting Saturn's magnetosphere. The Cassini spacecraft's in situ observations reveal that energetic electrons are depleted in the moon's vicinity. The absence of a substantial exosphere implies that Rhea's magnetospheric interaction(More)
Streams of high speed dust particles originate from Jupiter's innermost Galilean moon Io. After release from Io, the particles collect electric charges in the Io plasma torus, gain energy from the co-rotating electric field of Jupiter's magnetosphere, and leave the Jovian system into interplanetary space with escape speeds over 200 km s −1. Galileo, which(More)